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 Indian J Med Microbiol  
 

Figure 2: World Bank's downward spiral of childhood vulnerability. It simply depicts that with each shock, the child goes down further reaching a new level of vulnerability, and with each level he/ she is exposed to a host of new risks. It also emphasizes the fact that the earlier (higher up in the spiral) the intervention is made, the more cost-effective it is likely to be. [Source: World Bank: OVC Core Definitions](4)

Figure 2: World Bank's downward spiral of childhood vulnerability. It simply depicts that with each shock, the child goes down further reaching a new level of vulnerability, and with each level he/ she is exposed to a host of new risks. It also emphasizes the fact that the earlier (higher up in the spiral) the intervention is made, the more cost-effective it is likely to be. [Source: World Bank: OVC Core Definitions](4)