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   1998| October-December  | Volume 23 | Issue 4  
    Online since July 17, 2009

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Nutritional Assessment And The Dietary Intake Among Adolescents In Tribal Area Of Bihar
R.J Yadav, Padam Singh
October-December 1998, 23(4):142-148
Research question: What id the nutritional status and dietary intake of adolescents in tribal area of Bihar? Objective : To study the dietary intake and nutritional status of the adolescent boys and girls of the tribal districts of Bihar. Study design: Two stage design was adopted with probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling. Setting: Study covered 396 villages from 17 tribal districts of Bihar. Subjects: 2321 adolescents (1342 boys & 979 girls) of the age groups 7 – 17 years were studied. Methods: 24 hours recall method was used to assess the dietary intake and anthropometric measurements included height and weight. Dietary intake was compared with Indian Council of Medical Research recommended dietary allowances(RDA) and nutritional status assessed using distance chart. Results: Thee intake of protein was broadly in line with the recommended dietary allowances(RDA) in all age groups. The calorie deficiency was 29 percent and the magnituse of protein deficiency was about 21 percent. More than half of the adolescents were taking diets deficient in calories in Godda and Singhbhum(east & west). Conclusion: General development and intervention strategies are needed to improve the dietary intake of adolescents specially girls so that their requirement of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals are met.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,191 123 -
Diet Survey Of Icds Children In Pune City
A.K Pratinidhi, M.P Tambe, S.G Garad
October-December 1998, 23(4):152-155
Research question: What is the protein & calorie intake of children getting supplementary nutrition under ICDS? Objectives: I) To study the protein and calorie intake of children covered under ICDS. ii) To study the protein & caloric content of supplementary nutrition. Study design: Cross- sectional. Setting: ICDS project of Pune city. Participants: Children aged 1-6 years, receiving supplementary nutrition from anganwadis. Sample size: 165 children aged 1-<6 tears. Study variables: Knowledge and perception of ICDS, Protein and calorie intake of children, nutritive value of ICDS supplementary foods. Results: There was a gross deficiency of proteins and calories in majority of the children. The protein and calorie intake was less than 50% of recommended daily allowance in 38.2% and 35.7% children respectively. Only 13.9% of children had a protein intake of ³90% of RDA while 12.7% had a calorie consumption of ³90% of RDA. 71.6% of children aged 3-<6 years took the food to their homes and shared with other family members thus depriving them the total benefit of supplementary nutrition. 46.1% mothers perceived the supplementary nutrition to be a substitude. The supplement given at anganwadi had an average nutritive value of 213 calories and 5.1 gm protein as compared to recommended values of 300 calories & 10 gms protein.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  960 94 -
Effect Of Daily And Alternate Day Iron & Folic Acid Supplementation To Pregnant Females On The Weight Of The Newborn
Vijay Grover, O.P Aggarwal, Anita Gupta, Praveen Kumar, R.S Tiwari
October-December 1998, 23(4):165-168
Research question: What is the effect of IFA supplementation when given daily and on alternate days? Objective: To study the effect of daily and alternate day IFA supplementation. Study design: Intervention study. Setting: Rural health center of Gazipur village in east Delhi under deptt, of PSM, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi. Participants: Pregnant females with period of gestation 20±4 weeks registering during Jan. to Dec. 94. Sample size: 120 pregnant females. Study variables: Birth weight. Results: Total 120 pregnant females were studied. 64 were put on daily (Group I) and 56 on alternate day (group II) IFA supplementation. In group I, 7 (10.9%) babies had birth weight less than 2.5 Kg as compared to 3 (5.3%) in Group II. However, the difference between the two groups regarding the birth weight was not statistically significant (p=0.489). Supplementation of IFA in Group II caused fewer adverse effects compared to Group I. Alternate day IFA supplementation may be an alternate to daily IFA in cases of non-compliance due to adverse effects without adversely affecting the outcome of pregnancy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  977 72 -
Nutritional Assessment Of Women In The Reproductive Age Group From Icds Slum Area In Pune City
S.V Gandham, A.K Pratinidhi, A.M Gupta
October-December 1998, 23(4):161-164
Research question: What is the dietary intake of women in childbearing age group in ICDS slum area? Objectives: 1. To assess the dietary pattern of women aged 15-45 yrs. from the ICDS slum area of Pune. 2. To validate the effectiveness of supplementary nutrition to pregnant and lactating women under the ICDS scheme. Study design: Cross-sectional. Setting: 4 Angarwadis from ICDS Pune (U) Project 1978-79. Participants: 499 women in the reproductive age group (15-45 yrs) Study variables: Physiological status and dietary intake. Outcome variables: Adequacy of caloric and protein intake. Statistical analysis: Chi- square test, ANOVA. Results: The mean caloric intake of pregnant women was 1099.3 calories; of lactating mothers, 1185.5 calories and of those in the non- pregnant, non- lactating (NPNL) group, 1092 calories. Similarly the mean protein intake of pregnant, lactating and NPNL women was 31.6, 36.6 and 33.9 gms respectively. Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference in the dietary intake of calories and proteins during physiological stress of pregnancy and lactation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  875 103 -
Development Of A Surveillance System For Potability Of Water In Rural Areas
V.K Gandotra, Satish Gupta, P Kaur
October-December 1998, 23(4):172-175
Research question: Whether establishment of a water surveillance system in rural areas and concomitant action in event of detection of contamination will have an impact on diarrhoea related morbidity and mortality. Hypothesis: 1. It is possible to establish water testing laboratories in selected schools in rural areas. 2. If water samples are found contaminated, immediate corrective action will result in reduction of diarrhoea related morbidity and mortality. Objectives: 1. To study the feasibility of establishing water testing facility in the science laboratories of schools. 2. To study the impact of preventive measures in the community if immediate steps for household purification of water and treatment of diarrhoea cases are taken. Study design: Interventional study. Setting: A rural block. Participants: Science teachers of high schools and field workers. Interventions: 1. Training of schoolteachers for water testing and field workers for collection of water samples and diarrhoea control measures. 2. Establishing of water testing laboratories in schools. 3. In case of detection of water contamination, corrective action at different levels. 4. Propagation of ORS for management of diarrhoeas. Statistical analysis: Percentages, Paired ‘t’ test, Chi square test. Results: Reduction in diarrhoea related morbidity and mortality was observed. Conclusions: It is feasible to develop a water surveillance system in rural areas utilizing local resources. If combined with educational measures, it will significantly reduce diarrhoea related morbidity and mortality.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  735 34 -
Impact Of Vitamin - A Supplementation On Diarrhoea among Children 12 - 71 Months Of Age In Baroda Cantonment A Double Blind Randomised Cntrolled Trail
Prakash V Kotecha, S Bhargava
October-December 1998, 23(4):149-151
Research question: Does vitamin- A supplementation in children under five of age reduce diarrhoea incidence and its duration? Objectives: To study whether vitamin – A supplementation among children of 12-71 months of age reduces the risk and rate of diarrhoea and qualify if it does. Study design: Randomised double – blind controlled trail. Settings: Military Hospitals, Baroda Participants: Children of 12- 71 months of age of military staff members of Baroda cantonment Results and conclusions: The study suggested a reduction of risk and rate of diarrhoea in vitamin A supplemented group as compared to the placeup by about 23% and 22% respectively. However, it failed to show any reduction in the duration of an episode.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  639 31 -
Xerophthalmia In urban Slum Children Of Delhi
Avdhesh Kumar, Malti Mehra, S.K Badhan, Saudan Singh
October-December 1998, 23(4):169-171
Research question: What is the prevalence of xerophthalmia in urban slum children of Delhi? Objectives: 1. To determine the prevalence of xerophthalmia 2. To describe the prevalence by age, sex and parents literacy status. Study design: Cross- sectional study. Setting: Gokulpuri resettlement colony, Delhi. Participants: Under 15 children. Study Variables: Age, sex and parents’ literacy status. Outcome variable: Bitot’s spot. Statistical analysis: Chi square test. Results: Overall prevalence of xerophthalmia was 1.2%. Higher prevalence was observed among children aged 10 years and above (1.7%) in comparison to under 5 children (0.6%). Conclusion: School going children also need to be subjected to oral vitamin A supplementation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  593 62 -
Surveillance Of Vital Events In Rural Areas
Sunder Lal, Vijay Kumar, B.M. Singh Vashisht, J.S Malik, M.S Punia
October-December 1998, 23(4):156-160
Research question: Which system of registration of vital events is more efficient? Objective: To ascertain the efficiency and quality of vital events registration in the rural community. Study design: Population based cross-sectional. Settings: Rural areas. Sample size: All births and deaths which occurred during the year 96-97 in the community development block were incorporated in the study. Study variables: Births, deaths, cause of death, events missed by different agencies and quality of registration. Analysis: Simple proportions Results: During the reference period of one year 2617 births and 855 deaths were reported in rural population of 96242. Anganwadi workers were most efficient as they could record 96% of births and 83.2% of deaths. Multipurpose health workers (female) and village chowkidar could record 77.7% and 51.0% of births and 75% and 64%. 6% of deaths respectively. Correctness of causes of death matched to the extent of 31-36%, which was quite discouraging. Health system and system of integrated child Development Services do not use mortality data for local planning and seldom share this information with the community, whose lives.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  520 43 -
Integration Of Rch With Primary Health Care & Icds Programme
Sunder Lal
October-December 1998, 23(4):139-141
Full text not available   
  418 129 -
Epidemiology Of HIV Infection - A Critique
N.S Deodhar
October-December 1998, 23(4):176-184
Full text not available   
  337 68 -
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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007