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   1998| April-June  | Volume 23 | Issue 2  
    Online since July 17, 2009

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A Study Of Health Status Of Rural Population Of Mohagaon Village
P.A Hiwakar, N.R Aswar, V.K Agrawal
April-June 1998, 23(2):81-86
Research question: What is the health status of rural people? Objective: To study the nutritional status and morbidity pattern in rural people. Setting: Mohagaon village Study design: cross-sectional Participants: All subjects from Mohagaon village. Statistical analysis: student’s test. Study variables: Age, sex, family type, religion, height, weight, haemoglobin, protein and calorie intake, morbid conditions etc. Results: Out of 850 individuals’ surveyed, 53.1% were males while 46.9% were females. There were total 176 families of which 120 (68.2%) were nuclear, 17(9.7%) were joint and 39(22.1%) were extended families. 63.1% were Hindus and 36.9% were Buddhists. Mean height and weight of males and females in all age groups up to 21 years was less than 1, C.M.R. standards. Mean haemoglobin values of individuals in different age groups were significantly lower than the values recommended by WHO. 83.33% families were taking proteins and calories less than the required amount. Some of the morbid conditions found in this rural population were anaemia(22.58%), vit-A deficiency (12.47%), dental caries(12.23%), amoebiasis(10%), vit B-complex deficiency(9.76%), P.E.M. (8.46%), Vit. D deficiency (7.29%), worm infestation (6%) and diarrhoea(5.41%) etc.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,596 40 -
Health Profile Of Aged Persons In Urban & Rural Field Practice Areas Of Medical College, Amrisar
A.S Padda, V Mohan, Jagjit Singh, S.S Deepti, Gurmeet Singh, H.S Dhillon
April-June 1998, 23(2):72-76
Research question: What is the health status of aged persons in urban and rural area? Objectives: 1. To study the socio-demographic profile. 2. To study the health status of aged persons in urban and rural areas and factors associated with it. Study design: Cross-sectional Participants: Persons aged 60 years and above. Sample size: 698 (423 males and 275 females) Study variables: Age, Sex, marital status, occupation, literacy status, addition, morbidity pattern and disability. Results: Among 698 aged persons, 423(60.60%) were males and 275(39.40%) were females, 393(56.3%) were in the age group of 60-65 years while only 34(4.8%) were more than 80 years. Majority (58.45%) belonged to Sikh community followed by Hindus (39.9%). 61.37% aged persons were literate and 38.63% were illiterate. 73.74% of all aged were living in joint families. 68.39% aged persons were engaged in one or other works while 31.61% were dependent on other family members. It was observed that 46.08% of rural aged and 32.97% of urban aged persons were going for morning/evening walk. 33.69% of urban aged and 20.69% of rural aged were reading newspapers or books. Out of total 423 males, 363(85.81%) were addicted to one or the other intoxicants. 374(53.58%) were feeling satisfactory at this age while 324(46.42%) were not feeling so. Majority of them were ill at the time of survey. Arthritis (60.60%) being the commonest cause of illness followed by cataract or visual impairment (54.01%). 16.62% of the aged were hypertensive, it was more (19.35%) in urban aged as compared to rural aged (13.79%). Diabetes mellitus was observed in 5.3% aged persons and it was more commonly seen in urban area (6.81%) than in rural area (2.51%). Prevalence of peptic ulcers/chromic gastritis was found to be 5.87% (6.09% in urban area (6.27%) in rural area aged). The problems due to socio-psychology causes were minimal, probably because majority (73.74%) of them were residing with their families
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,379 121 -
Study Of Social Problems And Correlates Of Child Labourers In Slums Of Nagpur
Nitin N Ambadekar, Shirin N Wahab, Nayantara D Vasudeo
April-June 1998, 23(2):57-61
Research question: What are the social and work related problems of child labourers? Objectives:1.To study social problems of child labourers. 2. To study some work related problems of child labourers. 3. To study some factors associated with child labourers. Study design: cross sectional study with comparison group. Setting: shivankarnagar & Hasanbagh slums under field practice area of PSM deptt., Govt. Medical College, Nagapur. Participants: 223 child labourers and 223 randomly selected controls from same area aged upto 15 years, sex matched and group matched for age. Results: Prevalence of child labourers in study areas was 21.3%, 43(19.3) females and 180 (80.7%) males. Lower socio-economic status, large family size(>6), parental illiteracy and single parenthood were significantly associated with child labour. They were working in varied occupations – majority (32.7%) being in garage and workshops. Inadequate family income (74.4%) and parental compulsion (20.6%) were the common reasons cited by child labourers for their jobs – school drop – outs 173(78.3%), bad habits 56(25.1%), prolonged working hours (mean-8.5+4.5), no holidays and rest hours, inadequate daily wages, verbal (29%) & physical abuse (2.7%) were the common problems of child labourers, observed in the present study.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,244 102 -
Need Assessment For Sex Educational Amongst The School Children
H.G Thakor, P Kumar
April-June 1998, 23(2):62-68
Research question: Will the sex education given to the students help in STD prevention, population control and in their future sex life. Hypothesis : In order to have a successful school based sex education programme, it is necessary to involve the students at every stage of decision making. Objectives: (!) To assess the perceived need of the students of both sexes about sex education. (2) To decide about age to start with, agencies to be involved, contents to be covered during such programme. (3) To compare the responses between two sexes and to identify the areas of intervention. Study design: Cross- sectional interview based on structured questionnaire. Settings: Two private higher secondary schools (one each for boys and girls) of Surat city participants: 189 students(108 boys and 81 girls) of 11th and 12 the standards Statistical analysis: Chi square test and standard error of the difference between means(z test). Results: Need of sex education is universal as out of 189 students, 97 percent of them agreed to it. The preferred age to start the sex education was lower by 2 years in girls (14.6 years) than boys. Doctors or health workers were the preferred choice for giving the education, however, in their absence; regular school teachers were next choice. Knowledge about the STDs and their prevention was very poor in both the sexes. Condom was largely appreciated as a means of contraception and its role in preventing the STDs was not known to many student. The awareness was largely confined to AIDS. The knowledge about the time of conception was very poor even in these adolescent girls. The poor knowledge about the various methods of contraception and the prevalent myths about various sexual behaviours such as masturbation were the areas identified for intervention
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,235 86 -
Study Of Socio- Economic Factors In Relation To Leprosy
Mahjabeen Alam, M Yunus, A Kalam, A Khan
April-June 1998, 23(2):77-80
Research question: what are the socio-economic factors in relation to leprosy and their implications? Objectives: (i) To study the socio-economic factors in relation to leprosy.(ii) To assess the impact of disease on patients’ job/income. Study design: Cross-sectional. Setting and Participants: Patients attending the dermatology OPD, J.N. Medical college hospital, A.M.U., Aligarh. Sample size: 200 leprosy patients. Study variables: education, occupation, social class, incapacitation, change in job, reduction in income. Statically analysis: Chi-square test Results: 46% of the leprosy patients were illiterate. A large majority of patients (78%) were involved in heavy manual work as farmers and labourers. 68.5% patients belonged to low social classes (IV and V). More males (26.3%) suffered from incapacitation than females (8.5%). 2.5% patients lost their job or were unable to work and 11.5% had to change their jobs due to the disease or disability caused by it. 17.5% patients had a history of reduction in their income after occurrence of leprosy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,115 51 -
Study Of Some Maternal Risk Factors Influencing Early Neonatal Mortality
Chitra Chatterjee, K.B Das, S.K Bhattacharya, Rama Ram
April-June 1998, 23(2):87-90
Research question: What is the extent of early neonatal mortality (0-7 days) amongst neonates delivered in a city hospital and its association with maternal factors. Objectives: 1. To find out the extent of early neonatal mortality amongst the neonates delivered in a city hospital of Calcutta. 2. To identify the maternal and biosocial factors influencing the early neonatal mortality. Setting :Obstetric and nursery wards of Eden Hospital of Medical college, Calcutta. Study design: Case-control study. Sample Size: 139 “case” mothers whose neonates died within 7 days of delivery and 215 “control” mothers who delivered well neonates on the same dates as those of case group. Study Variables: Maternal age, parity, literacy, place of residence, utilization of antenatal care, toxaemia of pregnancy, ante-partumhaemorrhage etc. Statistical analysis: Odds ratio and Chi-square test. Results: Overall early neonatal mortality rate was 55.33 per 1000 live births. Although there was no association of early neonatal mortality with parity and maternal age, but it was found to be significantly higher among illiterate mothers (odds ratio 3.9), those living in rural and slum areas (odds ratio 3 and 2.8) and those who did not receive complete antenatal care(odds ratio 28), The risk of early neonatal mortality was significantly high particularly in presence of two complications during pregnancy e.g. toxaemia (odds ratios 7.48) and antepartum haemorrhage (odds ratio 8.16). Conclusion: Increasing literacy status of mothers will improve their receptivity for antenatal care, which by way of ensuring proper management of pregnancy and its complications will prevent early neonatal deaths to a significant extent.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  856 64 -
General Population Survey In Rural Area To Generate Prevention Indicators For HIV/AIDS Control
Sunder Lal, J.S Malik, B.M.Singh Vashisht, M.S Punia, R.B Jain
April-June 1998, 23(2):50-56
Research question: What has been the impact of massive educational campaign of AIDS/HIV in general population in rural areas? Objectives :1.To ascertain the level of awareness of preventive practices relating to HIV/AIDS.2.To know the prevalence of sexual risk behaviour.3.To ascertain condom availability and accessibility. Study design: Cross-sectional. Participants: Men and women in age group 15-49 years. Sample size: 1737 individuals. Settings: Rural areas of Distt.Rohtak. Outcome variables: Awareness of preventive practices, martial relations, risk behaviour. Statistical methods: simple proportions. Results: A little less than half of the persons (49.5%) in age bracket 15-49 years had heard about AIDS. 43% of individuals had knowledge of atleast two acceptable methods of protection from HIV infection. Men were better informed as compared to women. Effective preventive practices were known to 35% of individuals. 5.47% of sexually active individuals reported having sex with non-regular sex partners and only one fourth of individuals having risky sexual partnership used condoms. 78% of the population had access to uninterrupted supply of condoms.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  825 46 -
Infectious Disease Control - Optimism Should Not Complacency
R.K Sachar
April-June 1998, 23(2):91-92
Full text not available   
  450 26 -
Poverty In Plenty
Sunder Lal, Shiva Chandra
April-June 1998, 23(2):47-49
Full text not available   
  358 50 -
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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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