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   1989| July-September  | Volume 14 | Issue 3  
    Online since July 21, 2009

 
 
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Prevalence Of Dental Problems In School Children - A Study In A Rural Community In Haryana
M Bajaj, B. C Blah, M Goyal, M Jain, A Joshi, H. H Ko, A Kumar, A Lal, E. R Mohan, D Nandi, Z Sharma, H Singh, S Wanyee
July-September 1989, 14(3):106-109
This study was carried out by 13 undergraduate students during their rural posting in Community Medicine at Ballabgarh (Haryana). The Study was performed in a High School to find out the prevalence of dental problems and their probable etiology in 490 school children between 4-17 years of age. The prevalence of caries was found to be 65% and that of dental fluorosis was 40.4%. Consumption of refined sugar in the form of sweets between meals greatly enhanced the problem of dental caries. Plaque, Inadequate cleaning practices leading to poor dental hygiene, flurosis and the lack of earl medical intervention were other contributing factors. There was a lack of awareness about dental hygiene. Community therapy in the form of distribution of pamphlets, posters, giving health talks and a health talks and a health march was imparted with the aim of aiding the primary prevention of dental diseases.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  1,216 123 -
Universal Immunization Programme In Lower Parel, Bombay - Achievements, Obstacles & Failures
S Mathur, K Bhate, M Bhatia, S Kamble, S Bhandekar, V. R Bhalerao
July-September 1989, 14(3):99-103
One of the best and most effective methods for child survival is immunization. The morbidity and mortality due to the six killer diseases is more in slums. Therefore, a slum area in Lower Parel in Bombay with 49,836 population was selected and an immunization programme was launched in the 60 chawls, hutments and pavement dwellings on 4 may, 1987. The pre-intervention and post-intervention coverage was noted. For primary immunization, the coverage increased from 75% to 90%. For measles the coverage increased from 23% to 58% for Booster-I (QPV/DPT) from 37% to 61% and for Booster-II from 31% to 69%. There were may obstacles, the chief amongst them being shortage of Para-medical workers. Community parti-cipation and voluntary agencies can give considerable help to the immunization programme.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  594 31 -
Plasma Viscosity : A Risk Factor In Hypertension
R. R Puniyani, Y. S Khobragade, V. S Jaiswal
July-September 1989, 14(3):111-113
Haemorrheological study on hypertension was done at Indian Institute of Technology Hospital, Bombay. Male population in the age groups of 35 to 60 years was screened for hypertension from February 1986 to February 1987. Out of 340 subjects examined, 44 hypertensive cases were found, who were investigated for blood viscosity profile and were compared with 45 controls. The parameters studied were plasma viscosity, whole blood viscosity, red cell aggregation, red cell deformability and haematocrit W.H.O. criteria of hypertension (HT) was strictly adhered to (B.P. above 160/95 mm of Hg). When compared to control group, plasma viscosity and whole blood viscosity were elevated in freshly detected and uncontrolled hypertensives. Red cell aggregation and deformability were significantly altered in chronic hypertensives than in normal, but haematocrit was not affected in any group.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  556 49 -
GOITRE : Monstrous Public Health Problem In Bhandara District
S. W Kulkarni, V. G Rao
July-September 1989, 14(3):124-127
x A field study including clinical survey was carried out in five villages under Primary Health Centre Darekasa in Bhandara District during April to July 1986, to determine the presence and prevalence of goiter. Of the 2245 persons surveyed, enlarged thyroid was observed in 794 individuals –35.36% of the population. The prevalence rate in different villages ranged from 29.68% to 54.77%. The highest prevalence rate was found in the age group of 6-10 years (64.88%) followed by the pubescence period of 11-15 years (49.33%). Females over the age of 15 years had a 18.5 times greater prevalence than males. Large goiters (grade III & IV) were relatively more common in females above the age of 30 years, though grade I and II goiters were seen in 6-15 years age group. Goitre was seen in people of all castes and communities but Gonds and Pawars showed a higher prevalence. A familial aggregation was observed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  538 52 -
A Short Communication On Some Aspects Of Underfive Clinic Services At GODA Periurban Community
S. K Ray, A Lahiri, B. B Mukhopadyay
July-September 1989, 14(3):114-118
A longitudinal study on underfives of a periurban community was undertaken to study the magnitude of the problem and some important related factors. The extent of utilization and role of repeated clinic visits in the prevention of under nutrition was also studied. Results revealed that prevalence of under nutrition was 45.6% being maximum in the age group of 3-5 years and in males. Recurrent diarrhoea, dysentery and worm infestations were important reasons probably responsible for under- nutrition. Families with more than three siblings had a greater prevalence of undernourished under fives. 56.79% had more than two visits to the clinic. Repeated clinic visits could not improve the nutritional status of the underfives.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  499 62 -
Impact Of Training On The Knowledge Of Community Health Guides In Some Selected Areas Of Primary Health Care
R. R Dwivedi, C. P Mishra, L. S. K Singh, I. C Tiwari
July-September 1989, 14(3):120-123
In the present study conducted in Kashi Vidyapeeth Block of Varanasi District, 20 Community Health Guides (CHGs) were trained in order to strengthen their knowledge in some selected areas of Primary Health Care. Of the total score of 235, the mean score in pre-training was 115.65 (49.21%). During the first post-training assessment done after 3 months the mean score increased by 61.50 (26.17%) which was statistically significant During the third post-training assessment after 9 months of training, the mean score increased significantly from the pre-training assessment by 38 (16.17%). Separate analysis for each item revealed significant improvements in the knowledge of CHGs after training. Age had no significant influence in the gain of knowledge. The increase in knowledge was significantly greater in CHGs with higher formal education. The “practitioner” group of CHGs could gain and retain more knowledge compared to the “non-practitioner” group.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  475 42 -
Undergraduates' Experience Of Epidemiology
J Lobo, S. K Kapoor
July-September 1989, 14(3):104-105
Full text not available   
  373 13 -
The Second Public Health Revolution
A Henderson
July-September 1989, 14(3):93-97
Full text not available   
  307 16 -
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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007