Indian Journal of Community Medicine

SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 371--374

Subclinical vitamin A deficiency and anemia among women and preschool children from Northeast India


Indrapal I Meshram1, B Naveen Kumar2, K Venkaiah3, T Longvah4 
1 Scientist E, Division of Public Health Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Scientist C, Division of Biostatistics, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Scientist G, Division of Biostatistics, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Scientist G, Division of Food Chemistry, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Indrapal I Meshram
Division of Public Health Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Jamai-Osmania (PO), Tarnaka, Hyderabad - 500 007, Telangana
India

Background: Micronutrient deficiencies such as iron, Vitamin A, and iodine are important public health problems in India. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess subclinical Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and anemia among women and preschool children from Northeast India. Methodology: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out by adopting systematic sampling in Phek district of Nagaland. Data were collected from women on sociodemographic particulars, and finger prick blood was collected for hemoglobin and free-flowing drop for Vitamin A estimation on Whatman no. 1 filter paper. Results: The overall prevalence of anemia was 27%, 40%, 44%, and 52% among preschool children, nonpregnant nonlactating women, lactating mothers, and pregnant women, respectively, whereas VAD was 37% among preschool children and 24%–32% among adult women. The prevalence of VAD was observed high among those living in kutcha house, illiteracy of head of households, big family size, and low per capita income. Conclusions: Anemia and VAD are important public health problems among tribal population in spite of the rich biodiversity.


How to cite this article:
Meshram II, Kumar B N, Venkaiah K, Longvah T. Subclinical vitamin A deficiency and anemia among women and preschool children from Northeast India.Indian J Community Med 2020;45:371-374


How to cite this URL:
Meshram II, Kumar B N, Venkaiah K, Longvah T. Subclinical vitamin A deficiency and anemia among women and preschool children from Northeast India. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 27 ];45:371-374
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2020;volume=45;issue=3;spage=371;epage=374;aulast=Meshram;type=0