Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 53--57

Predominant determinants of delayed tuberculosis sputum conversion in Indonesia


Dyah Wulan Sumekar Rengganis Wardani1, Endro Prasetyo Wahono2 
1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dyah Wulan Sumekar Rengganis Wardani
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lampung, Jl. Soemantri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung 35145
Indonesia

Context: Sputum conversion in the first 2 months of tuberculosis (TB) treatment is closely related to successful treatment and a decrease in the likelihood of relapse. In 2015, there were 76% high TB burden countries with low rate of TB successful treatment. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the correlation between delayed sputum conversion and several determinants including social determinants, smoking, malnutrition, and type II diabetes mellitus (DM). Settings and Design: A case–control approach was used to study the potential determinants. A case sample group consisted of smear-positive TB patients with delayed sputum conversion (31 patients) at community health centers in Bandar Lampung, Indonesia. Meanwhile, a control sample group consisted of smear-positive TB patients with sputum conversion (62 patients). Subjects and Methods: Primary data consisted of social determinants and smoking, were collected through in-depth interviews. Meanwhile, secondary data consisted of malnutrition, DM, and sputum conversion were obtained from the medical record. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Low education (odds ratio [OR]: 5.313; 95% (confidence interval [CI]: 1.711–16.503), low social class (OR: 4.993; 95% CI: 1.430–17.430), smoking (OR: 7.457; 95% CI: 1.757–31.640), and DM (OR: 7.168; 95% CI: 1.746–29.431) influenced delayed sputum conversion. Conclusions: TB control programs in high TB burden countries with low rate of TB successful treatment, should be integrate TB treatment education, smoking cessation programs and follow-up treatments for TB patients with DM to improve the probability of sputum conversion and successful treatment.


How to cite this article:
Wardani DW, Wahono EP. Predominant determinants of delayed tuberculosis sputum conversion in Indonesia.Indian J Community Med 2019;44:53-57


How to cite this URL:
Wardani DW, Wahono EP. Predominant determinants of delayed tuberculosis sputum conversion in Indonesia. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Jan 28 ];44:53-57
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2019;volume=44;issue=1;spage=53;epage=57;aulast=Wardani;type=0