Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 169--174

Nutritional status of under 5 children belonging to tribal population living in riverine (Char) areas of Dibrugarh district, Assam


Safikul Islam, Tulika Goswami Mahanta, Ratna Sarma, Saikia Hiranya 
 Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Safikul Islam
Abdul Kader Ali, Vill- Doturi, Post Box-Bijni, Chirang, Assam - 786 002
India

Context: Assam«SQ»s main lifeline, the Brahmaputra river, braided nature created numerous sand bars and islands known as chars/sapories. They are home to more than 3 million people. Over 90% of the cultivated land on the river islands is flood-prone; the flood leaves the islands completely separated from mainland, preventing access to health infrastructure and services. Aims: To assess the nutritional status of under 5 children residing in the char areas of Dibrugarh district and to identify the factors influencing their nutritional status. Settings and Design: A community-based cross-sectional study conducted in the riverine areas of Dibrugarh district of Assam. Materials and Methods: Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometry. Undernutrition was classified using World Health Organization (WHO) recommended Z- score system. Data collection was done by house to house visit of all chars using proportionate allocation. Statistical Analysis Used: Rates, ratios, proportions, and chi-square test. Results: Overall prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting was 29%, 30.4%, and 21.6%, respectively. Prevalence of underweight and stunting was less than the prevalence of underweight (36.4%) and stunting (46.5%) in Assam, but the prevalence of wasting was more than that of Assam (13.7%) as observed in National Family Health Survey-3. Significant association was observed between the prevalence of undernutrition and socioeconomic status, literacy status of parents, infant, and young child feeding practices and size of the family (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Special focus is needed for nutritional improvement of under 5 living in char areas to prevent preventable morbidities and to achieve optimum development.


How to cite this article:
Islam S, Mahanta TG, Sarma R, Hiranya S. Nutritional status of under 5 children belonging to tribal population living in riverine (Char) areas of Dibrugarh district, Assam.Indian J Community Med 2014;39:169-174


How to cite this URL:
Islam S, Mahanta TG, Sarma R, Hiranya S. Nutritional status of under 5 children belonging to tribal population living in riverine (Char) areas of Dibrugarh district, Assam. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Jan 25 ];39:169-174
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2014;volume=39;issue=3;spage=169;epage=174;aulast=Islam;type=0