Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2009  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 232--236

Assessment of risk factors for development of Type-II diabetes mellitus among working women in Berhampur, Orissa


D Shobha Malini, A Sahu, Swapna Mohapatro, RM Tripathy 
 Department of Community Medicine, MKCG Medical College, Berhampur, India

Correspondence Address:
D Shobha Malini
Department of Community Medicine, Bhabha Nagar-3, Bapuji Sisu Mandir, Berhampur - 760 004
India

Objectives: 1) Assess general health condition and anthropological parameters of the working women. 2) Identify prevalence of Type-II Diabetes among them. 3) Assess risk factors associated with development of diabetes. 4) Educate them about Life Style Modifications. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in six educational institutes. A total of 100 working women were selected as study population. During the two-month study period, Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) was estimated to identify the diabetics and the Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT). Information from the study population was collected through pre-tested questionnaire using several anthropometric measurements. Results: Out of 100 women, 24 were having FBS compatible with IGT or diabetes. The incidence was highest in 46 to 55 yr age group. 75% of women with diabetes or IGT were in higher income group. Body Mass Index was more than 25 kg/m 2 in maximum (75%) women having diabetes or IGT. 92% women with diabetes or IGT had their Waist Hip Ratio ≥0.85. Moreover, orientation towards healthy life style modification to control diabetes and its prevention was poor among the study population. Conclusion: Prevalence of diabetes and IGT was higher among urban working women and is increasing with increase in age. Obesity plays a major role in development of Type 2 diabetes. Several long- and short-term steps should be taken for promotion of healthy life style modifications to prevent diabetes and emergence of its complications.


How to cite this article:
Malini D S, Sahu A, Mohapatro S, Tripathy R M. Assessment of risk factors for development of Type-II diabetes mellitus among working women in Berhampur, Orissa.Indian J Community Med 2009;34:232-236


How to cite this URL:
Malini D S, Sahu A, Mohapatro S, Tripathy R M. Assessment of risk factors for development of Type-II diabetes mellitus among working women in Berhampur, Orissa. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2009 [cited 2020 Nov 30 ];34:232-236
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2009;volume=34;issue=3;spage=232;epage=236;aulast=Malini;type=0