Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ARTICLE
Year
: 2005  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 84--86

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Adults in an Urban Slum, Tirupati, A.P.


SS Reddy, GR Prabhu 
 Department of Community Medicine S.V. Medical College, Tirupati, A.P., India

Correspondence Address:
S S Reddy
Department of Community Medicine S.V. Medical College, Tirupati, A.P.
India

Research question : What is the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among adults aged 20-60 years residing years residing in an urban slum area of Tirupati town, A.P.? Objective : To study the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors as well as its extent of diagnosis and management among adults aged 20-60 years residing in an urban slum area of Tirupati. Study design : Cross sectional. Study setting : Channa Reddy Colony (Urban slum area) in Tirupati town, A.P. Study subjects : 1000 adults in the age group of 20-60 years (Males-500; Females-500) residing in an urban slum area of Tirupati town, A.P. Study variables : Age, sex, occupation, family history of hypertension, history of cerebrovascular/cardiovascular events, diabetes mellitus, saturated fat intake, intake of excess salt, smoking, alcohol intake and regular physical exercise. Outcome Variables : Number of hypertensives and mean blood pressure level estimations. Statistical analysis : Proportions, Chi-square tests, SQFSQ ratios, SQtSQ tests, Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results : The overall prevalence of hypertension was found to be 8.6%. Out of the 86 hypertensives, 72 (83.7%) were aware of their hypertension; all of those aware were under treatment; among the treated, only 30 (41.7%) had satisfactory control of their hypertension. Higher prevalence of hypertension was found with history of cerbrovascular/cardiovascular events (50.0%), diabetes mellitus (33.3%), family history of hypertension (23.3%), smoking (22.4%), age more than 50 years (22.2%), alcohol intake (20.0%), lack of physical exercise (15.8%), B.M.I.>25 (14.9%), male sex (9.6), non-vegetarian diet (8.8%) and saturated fat intake (8.8%). The mean systolic as well as diastolic blood pressures were found to be higher among men, higher age groups, and in business occupation of the respondents. Conclusions : Despite treatment, most of the hypertensives had not achieved satisfactory control of blood pressure. Health education of the public is needed to control the various risk factors of hypertension.


How to cite this article:
Reddy S S, Prabhu G R. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Adults in an Urban Slum, Tirupati, A.P. Indian J Community Med 2005;30:84-86


How to cite this URL:
Reddy S S, Prabhu G R. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Adults in an Urban Slum, Tirupati, A.P. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2005 [cited 2021 Jan 23 ];30:84-86
Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2005;volume=30;issue=3;spage=84;epage=86;aulast=Reddy;type=0