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SHORT COMMUNICATION Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 363-366
Out-of-pocket expenditure and opportunity cost of leptospirosis patients at a tertiary care hospital of Gujarat, India


1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
2 Medical College, Baroda, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sridhar Ryavanki Prahlad
A-608, A Block C Wing, Srishti's Palazzo, Avanti Vihar, Raipur - 492 007, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_164_19

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Introduction: The study investigates the cost incurred by leptospirosis patients as either out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) or opportunity cost (OC) and recommends accordingly for the national program on leptospirosis in India. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine leptospirosis-related OOPE and OC at a government tertiary care hospital and to disaggregate the total OOPE into contributing cost domains. Materials and Methods: The OOPE data were collected by the personal interview of confirmed leptospirosis cases who took complete treatment at the hospital in year 2009 using a prestructured questionnaire. The patients were interviewed daily until discharge to know daily OOPE. Results: The mean OOPE per patient was Rs. 2157/-, Median: Rs. 1880/-, 25th–75th percentile: Rs. 1446 – Rs 2587.5). The lowest quintile for OOPE was Rs. 1330/- and the highest quintile was Rs. 2874/-. Loss of daily wages was 68% (Rs. 1458.9/-) of the total OOPE. Other major expenditure included cost of drugs Rs. 308.8/- (14%), expenditure on food Rs. 173/- (8%), and travelling expenses Rs. 204.4/- (9%). Conclusions: Rs. 2157/- is significant OOPE, and hence, important factor in understanding health-seeking behavior and compliance of leptospirosis patients. The OC (loss of daily wages) amounts to 68% of total OOPE which has to addressed by the government to realize universal health coverage.


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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007