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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 295-298
Depression, sexual dysfunction, and medical comorbidities in young adults having nicotine dependence


1 Department of Psychiatry, Murshidabad Medical College and Hospital, Berhampore, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Pathology, ESI Hospital and PGIMSR, Manicktala, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
6 Department of Medicine, ESIC PGIMSR, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Joka, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sumita Bhattacharyya
DDVL, MD. Flat No2E 104, Avidipta Hig, PO- Barakhola, Mukundapur, PS-East Jadavpur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_153_19

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Background: Nicotine dependence, depression, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hypothyroidism are risk factors of sexual dysfunction. Aims and Objectives: The present study aims to find the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and the various sexual response cycle domains in individuals with nicotine dependence with and without comorbidities. Materials and Methods: A total of 52 individuals attending the tobacco cessation clinic were included in the study. To assess the primary outcome, Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence, Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale, and Hamilton's Depression Rating Scale 17had been administered after validation in local vernacular. Results: In the sample, 32 (61.5%) were male and 20 (38.5) were female. The 17 participants (32.7%) met the criteria of low nicotine dependence, 5 (9.6%) participants met low to moderate, 11 participants (21.2%) had moderate dependence, and 19 (36.5%) participants met the criteria of high nicotine dependence. Conclusions: The nicotine dependence is directly related to sexual dysfunction, and it affects various stages of the sexual response cycle. One-quarter of individuals of nicotine dependence also met the threshold criteria of depression. The interventions as primary and primordial preventions with awareness building and health education may be a cost-effective measure to prevent tobacco-related deaths.


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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007