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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-124
Our fight against the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic: A review of India's actions and proposed way forward

1 Vice-President (Academics), Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
2 Additional Professor, Indian Institute of Public Health, New Delhi, India
3 PhD student, Centre for Community Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
4 MPH student, Indian Institute of Public Health, New Delhi, India
5 Project Officer- GAVI (Health Systems Strengthening Project ) UNDP, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Himanshu Negandhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_221_20

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A new strain of coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has overwhelmed the world with its rapid spread and high number of cases. SARS-CoV-2 causes COVID-19 disease which may present with mild, moderate, or severe illness. In severe cases, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, and septic shock can occur. Individuals above 60 years and people with preexisting comorbidities are at higher risk for developing serious complications. The incubation period of this new pathogen ranges from 1 to 14 days and there is no preexisting immunity to the disease. Countries across the globe have adopted various prevention and control measures to minimize negative health impacts. India has adopted various public health measures which include social distancing measures, nationwide lockdown to reduce risk of exposure, widespread IEC messaging regarding hand-washing, usage of masks, and recommending avoidance of unnecessary travel to combat the spread of disease. This manuscript reviews the global situation, contextualizes India's disease control efforts, and outlines the possible way forward by identifying specific actions under the following headings: enhancing district preparedness, enabling care for patients, and broadening community and stakeholder engagement for India.

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