HomeAboutusEditorial BoardCurrent issuearchivesSearch articlesInstructions for authorsSubscription detailsAdvertise

  Login  | Users online: 922

   Ahead of print articles    Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size  

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 57-61
Comparison of health-care utilization pattern and its correlates among the tribal and nontribal population of Kerala

1 Health Action by People; Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Health Action by People, Thiruvananthapuram; Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Health Action by People, Thiruvananthapuram; Department of Community Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India
4 Health Action by People, Thiruvananthapuram; Department of Community Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences Pariyaram, Kochi, Kerala, India
5 Health Action by People; Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Somervell Memorial CSI Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Antony Stanley
PhD Scholar, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_46_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: The isolation from mainstream development activities, together with poverty and inaccessibility to health facilities made the tribal communities specifically vulnerable to various health problems. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the utilization of antenatal care, immunization, and supplementary nutrition services by tribal and nontribal mothers and its correlates in the selected districts. Materials and Methods: The study was a comparative cross-sectional study. The study population comprised tribal and nontribal mothers utilizing antenatal care, immunization, and supplementary nutrition services. A multi-stage cluster sampling strategy was employed for the study. The Chi-square test was used to assess the association between antenatal care services utilization, utilization of immunization services, supplementary nutrition services utilization and sociodemographic variables, and other service characteristics. Results: Effective utilization of antenatal care services was not seen in 5.6% of tribal mothers. The incidence of low-birth weight (≤2500) was significantly more among tribal mothers (31%) when compared to nontribal mothers (15%). The proportion of tribal children receiving complete immunization without delay was 74%, and among nontribal children, it was 78%. Effective immunization coverage was significantly lower among children of tribal mothers with education below high school level. Receipt of take-home ration was reported by nearly 90% of tribal and nontribal mothers. 90% of tribal mothers felt that quality of take-home ration that they received was of good quality. Conclusions: The comparison of health-care utilization restricted to the domains of antenatal care, immunization services, and supplementary nutrition suggests that the tribal mothers and children had a relatively comparable utilization pattern in most of the indicators measured.

Print this article  Email this article

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded100    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


  Sitemap | What's New | Feedback | Copyright and Disclaimer
  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007