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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 217-221
Analysis of maternal near miss at tertiary level hospitals, Ahmedabad: A valuable indicator for maternal health care

Department of Community Medicine, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anjali Mall
PhD Student (Gujarat University), F-101, Devdeep Apartments, M. K. Bungalows, In Front of Swaminarayan Gurukul School, Koteshwar, Koteshwar – Motera – Bhat Road, Ahmedabad - 380 005, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_267_18

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Background: Complications during pregnancy and childbirth remain a leading cause of illness and death among women of reproductive age in India. In the recent years, the concept of the WHO maternal near miss (MNM) has been adopted by the tertiary level hospitals as it has an added advantage of offering a large number of cases for intervention and for the evaluation of the maternal healthcare being provided by the health-care system. Materials and Methods: In the present study, near miss criterion-based audit of MNM cases and maternal death (MD) cases, based on the WHO near miss approach and MD, was conducted from the record section of the four tertiary level hospitals. In the present study, the WHO MNM approach was adopted to assess the quality of maternal healthcare in tertiary level hospitals. Retrospective secondary data analysis from the records of record section and maternity wards pertaining to June 2015–May 2016, of the hospitals of Ahmedabad city, was conducted from January 2016 to November 2017. Results: The total number of live births of all the four hospitals under surveillance was 21,491. Severe maternal outcome cases were 326, of which 247 (75.8%) were of MNM cases and 79 (24.2%) were of MD. MNM mortality ratio was found to be 3.13:1. Eclampsia (29.45%) followed by preeclampsia (25.46%) and severe postpartum hemorrhage (22.39%) were the leading causes of potentially life-threatening conditions. Conclusion: Above finding suggests the development of a comprehensive framework for the assessment of MNM and further improvement in the quality of maternal health care.

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