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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-28
Metabolic syndrome among adults of surendranagar District of Saurashtra, Gujarat: A cross-sectional Study

1 Department of Physiology, C U Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, M&N Virani Science College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India
3 MBBS Students, C U Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, C U Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Assit Prof. Chaitanya Gopalrao Chinawale
Department of Physiology, C U Shah Medical College, Dudhrej Road, Surendranagar - 363 001, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_339_16

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Background: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex disorder and a major health concern in developing countries. Data on MetS in Indian population show multiplicity. There are no published reports about the prevalence of MetS in population of Saurashtra region, Gujarat. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of MetS and its components in adult population of this region. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out among 473 participants who attended free health checkup camps. Demographics, personal details along with anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical data were recorded. The MetS was diagnosed as per the definition provided by Joint Interim Statement 2009. Results: The overall prevalence of MetS among studied population was found to be 41.01% (females 44.21% and males 37.91%). Abdominal obesity (66.38%), low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (64.69%), and high blood pressure (40.59%) appeared as the most prevalent components. MetS showed a significant association with age, body mass index, total cholesterol, habit of chewing tobacco, and history of hypertension and hyperglycemia. Conclusion: The high prevalence of MetS shows that population of Saurashtra is at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. This highlights the need for extensive diabetes and CVD prevention and control program in this region.

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