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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 214-217
Rapid response to syphilis outbreak among female sex workers


1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
J K Kosambiya
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_254_16

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Background: Outbreak of syphilis, i.e., 16 cases of rapid plasma reagin (RPR) reactive cases of syphilis was reported in Community Based Organization (CBO) Sahyog of Surat, India, from April to August 2014. The aim of the study was to find risk factors and take immediate actions to prevent spread. Materials and Methods: Outbreak investigation of 16 Female Sex Workers of CBO Sahyog in Surat who were found Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) and Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay (TPHA) positive from April to August 2014; was carried out. Clinico-epidemiological and laboratory-based evidence for different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) conducted at Government Medical College, New Civil Hospital, Surat. Root cause analysis (RCA) of index case was carried out. Results: Desk review for the past 3 years data of STI revealed total STI cases as 88 (2011), 95 (2012), and 130 (2013), of which 4, 2, and 2 found RPR reactive, respectively. Data from April to August 2014 revealed 16 RPR reactive cases and confirmed by TPHA. On examination, one had ulcerative cervical lesion, rest did not have any symptoms of syphilis. Eleven had vaginal/cervical discharge, 11 had lower abdominal pain. A total of 11 had unprotected sex, 7 encountered condom tear in the past 6 months, and 5 reported sexual violence. Seven had sexual activity under influence of alcohol. Laboratory investigation revealed two as HIV-positive. RPR reactivity reported highest (9 out of 16) from same area of hotspot. RCA of probable index case revealed factors responsible as violence and nonuse of condoms. Conclusions: Outbreak investigation revealed one probable index case. All 16 treated with injection Penidure. Violence or condom tear is responsible for the spread. Crisis management team should be strengthened.


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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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