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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 209-213
Neck circumference: Independent predictor for overweight and obesity in adult population

1 Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana; Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Department of ENT, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Madhur Verma
Room No. 126, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 110 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_196_16

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Background: Neck circumference (NC) measurement, an index of upper body fat (BF) distribution, seems promising as a community-based screening measure for overweight and obesity in want of evidence on its validity as a screener. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the validity of NC as a screener for overweight and obesity in adults in community settings against BF percentage (BF%). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study involved data collection on a predesigned, pretested, and semi-structured schedule that included the sociodemographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements of respondents. Results: NC correlated positively with body weight, waist circumference, and hip circumference. NC was found to have good discriminatory power with cutoff values of 36.55 cm for males and 34.05 cm for females, with maximum sensitivity and specificity to predict overweight and obesity in comparison to direct BF% estimation on receiver operating characteristic analysis. Conclusion: NC has a fair validity as a community-based screener for overweight and obese individuals in the study context. Further studies may be carried out to explore the generalizability of this observation.

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