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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 87-93
Effectiveness of school-based intervention programs in reducing prevalence of overweight

1 School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sajid Mahmood
School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, University of Sheffield, S1 4DA
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.132724

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Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of school-based interventions program in reducing the prevalence of overweight or obesity among schoolchildren. Data source: Ovid Medline (1950-December 2012), Embase (1980-2012), CINAHL (1982-2012), secondary references, review articles, and expert in the field. Study selection: All published clinical trials were eligible for study if were randomized, methodologically strong-based on a validity assessment, aimed to evaluate a school-based intervention for childhood overweight or obesity, and measured outcome in term of prevalence/incidence difference in overweight and obesity among both groups. Studies involved in cost-effective analysis of school-based intervention have been excluded. Data from eligible studies abstracted and pooled for relative risk. Results: Five trials with 3,904 schoolchildren were included. Mean age of the students (boys and girls) ranges 8.6-12.6 years. Meta-analysis showed a statistical significance beneficial effect of school-based intervention programs on obesity status of schoolchildren (risk ratio (RR) 0.58, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.43-0.78) and suggested 42% reduction in prevalence of obesity among schoolchildren through school-based intervention programs. Individual studies also showed effectiveness of these school-based interventions. Conclusion: School-based intervention programs are effective in prevention of childhood overweight and obesity problem and our results quantitatively supported this argument.

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