HomeAboutusEditorial BoardCurrent issuearchivesSearch articlesInstructions for authorsSubscription detailsAdvertise

  Login  | Users online: 562

   Ahead of print articles    Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size  


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 138-143
Diabetes and hypertension in urban bhutanese men and women


1 Previously Head, Internal Medicine, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan
2 Head Pathology, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck National Referral Hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan
3 Previously Joint Director, Royal Government of Bhutan, Thimphu, Bhutan
4 Statistician Ministry of Health, Royal Government of Bhutan, Thimphu, Bhutan

Correspondence Address:
Bhakta Raj Giri
Post Box: 961, Changbangdo, Thimphu
Bhutan
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: World Diabetes Federation provided a grant to conduct the study. The WHO provided technical support and equipments. The Ministry of Health provided manpower and necessary logistic support to conduct the study, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.116349

Rights and Permissions

Background: Bhutan is a mountainous country with 31% urban population. There is no information on prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in Bhutan yet. This was the first study of its kind conducted in the capital city. Objective: To determine prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and hypertension in urban Bhutanese population aged 25 to 74 years. Materials and Methods: Stratified two-stage sampling was adopted to include 2474 respondents (Males: 1132, Females: 1342) equally distributed among different age and sex groups. A questionnaire containing demographic, educational and social details and history of diabetes and hypertension was administered on the sampled population the previous evening and blood pressure measured the next morning in nearby camp where fasting blood samples were collected and an oral glucose tolerance test done. Results: Age and sex standardized prevalence of diabetes, IGT and IFG were 8.2.0, 21.6 and 4%, respectively. Only 66.5% of the population had normal blood sugar. Prevalence of diabetes and IGT increased progressively with increasing age. Prevalence of hypertension was 26% (Males: 28.3%, Females: 23.2%). It was observed that 54.1% of diabetes population had hypertension. Conclusion: The study shows that not only is prevalence of diabetes and hypertension high in the urban Bhutanese but also there is a high diagnosis and treatment gap in these disorders.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article  Email this article
    

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2658    
    Printed59    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded410    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal

 

  Sitemap | What's New | Feedback | Copyright and Disclaimer
  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007