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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 63-66
Role of Medical Education in Preventing and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in India?

1 Governing Council, Medical Council of India, New Delhi, India
2 Division of NCD, Indian Council of Medical Research, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
3 World Health Organization, Country Office for India, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
J S Thakur
National Professional Officer (NCD and Social Determinants of Health), WHO Country Office for India, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.94711

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India has approximately 335 medical colleges, which produce around 40,000 medical graduates annually. Even though medical professional have a critical role in prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including injuries, it has been observed that the present medical and nursing curriculum in India does not adequately cover prevention and control of NCDs. The topics for specific approach to prevent NCDs and various strategies can be incorporated into public health and clinical courses in undergraduate medical education, with brief optional courses in residency and continuing medical education for established practitioners. High-level expert group instituted by Planning Commission of India on Universal Health Coverage recommended that medical education requires greater orientation of providers to the social determinants of health as well as to gender and equity issues. Curricula in medical schools should keep pace with the changing dynamics of public health, health policy, and health demographics. Medical education and training should be reoriented by introducing competency-based, health system connected curricula, and continuous education. There is a need to review of medical curriculum, introducing innovative integrated teaching methods, and capacity building of teachers for meeting the challenge of rising burden of NCDs in India.

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