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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 259-262
Association of overweight and obesity with breast cancer in India


1 Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Umesh Kapil
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110 029
India
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Source of Support: Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.91326

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Background : In women, cancer of the breast is one of the most common incident cancer and cause of death from cancer. Anthropometric factors of weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) have been associated with breast cancer risk. Objectives : To study the association of overweight and obesity with breast cancer in India. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based matched case-control study was conducted. Three hundred and twenty newly diagnosed breast cancer patients and three hundred and twenty normal healthy individuals constituted the study population. The subjects in the control group were matched individually with the patients for their age ±2 years and socioeconomic status. Anthropometric measurements of weight and height were recorded utilizing the standard equipments and methodology. The paired 't' test and univariate logistic regression analysis were carried out. Results: It was observed that the patients had a statistically higher mean weight, body mass index, and mid upper arm circumference as compared to the controls. It was observed that the risk of breast cancer increased with increasing levels of BMI. Overweight and obese women had Odd's redio of 1.06 and 2.27, respectively, as compared to women with normal weight. Conclusions: The results of the present study revealed a strong association of overweight and obesity with breast cancer in the Indian population.


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