HomeAboutusEditorial BoardCurrent issuearchivesSearch articlesInstructions for authorsSubscription detailsAdvertise

  Login  | Users online: 1731

   Ahead of print articles    Bookmark this page Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font size Increase font size  

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 98-103
Air nicotine monitoring for second hand smoke exposure in public places in India

1 Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, India
2 Senior Adviser, Tobacco Free Initiative, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland

Correspondence Address:
Jagdish Kaur
Chief Medical Officer, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Room No. 352 A, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi - 110 011
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, US, under the BI project, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.84126

Rights and Permissions

Background: Air nicotine monitoring is an established method of measuring exposure to second hand smoke (SHS). Not much research has been done in India to measure air nicotine for the purpose of studying exposure to SHS. It is a risk factor and many diseases are known to occur among non smokers if they are exposed to second hand smoke. Objective: To conduct monitoring of air nicotine for second hand smoke exposure in public places across major cities in India. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted across four cities across the country, using passive air monitoring. The buildings included hospitals, secondary schools, Governmental offices, bars and restaurants. The buildings were selected through convenience sampling method keeping in view specific sentinel locations of interest. Result: The presence of air nicotine was recorded in most of the buildings under the study, which included government buildings, hospitals, schools, restaurants and entertainment venues (bars) in all four cities under the study. The highest median levels of air nicotine were found in entertainment venues and restaurants in cities. Conclusion: The presence of air nicotine in indoor public places indicates weak implementation of existing smoke free law in India. The findings of this study provide a baseline characterization of exposure to SHS in public places in India, which could be used to promote clean indoor air policies and programs and monitor and evaluate the progress and future smoke-free initiatives in India.

Print this article  Email this article

  Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   Citation Manager
  Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded277    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal


  Sitemap | What's New | Copyright and Disclaimer | Privacy Notice
  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007