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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-44
Evaluation of work place stress in health university workers: A study from rural India


1 Department of Community Medicine, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, PMT, Loni, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of PSM, Yardigardi Medical College, Ujjain, MP, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Rural Dental College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, PMT, Loni, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, Rural Medical College, Etawa, UP, India
5 Department of Community Medicine, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, RMCH, Bareilly, UP, India

Correspondence Address:
Badrinarayan Mishra
Department of Community Medicine, Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, PMT, Loni, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: Management of Pravara Medical Trust, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.80792

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Background: Healthcare providers being over-worked and under staffed are prone to poor mental health. Unhealthy work place compounds it further. Aims: This study was aimed at to assess the mental health status of a medical university employee with special reference to work place stressors. Settings and design: A cross-sectional study was designed and carried out at a Rural Health University. Materials and Methods: Both the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-12 and Holmes-Rahe Scale were used to evaluate 406 participants. Statistical analysis: Multivariate analysis, correlation, and ANOVA by SPSS 11.0. Results: The minimum age of the participant was 19 years and the maximum 64 years, with an average age at 35.09 years. On the GHQ scale 239(58.9%) recorded psychiatric morbidity out of which 201(49.5%) had moderate and 38(9.3%) severe morbidity. Doctors were the highest stressed group (P ≤ 0.04). Prominent work environmental stressors were poor departmental reorganization, lack of cohesiveness in department, difficult superiors and juniors (P ≤ 0.001, Pearson correlation). Stressors associated with work organization and work nature were: noninvolvement in departmental decision making and lack of proper feedback; along with; work load, lack of clarity in job, and a erratic work schedule (P ≤ 0.001 on Pearson correlation). Harassment, favoritism, discrimination, and lack of self-expression (P ≤ 0.003) were other factors responsible for work dissatisfaction. Conclusions: A high stress level was detected in the study population. The principal stressors were work environment related. Poor work culture was found to lead to job dissatisfaction among majority.


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