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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 130-133
Internal evaluation of national leprosy elimination program in tribal Gujarat

Department of Community Medicine, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Anjali Singh
B-81, Shantum Towers, Behind Civil Hospital, Shahi Baug Area, Ahmedabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.62574

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Background: The government launched a National Leprosy Eradication program in 1983, to eliminate leprosy from India. A Modified Leprosy Elimination Campaign was started with the view to early case detection and treatment. In April 2004, a vertical program of leprosy was merged with the general health services and case detection was conducted by the general health workers in India. Materials and Methods: Internal evaluation of leprosy was done in the Panchmanal district of Gujarat through a rapid survey of the 10 Primary Health Care units in the high and low endemic areas. Active and passive surveillance data and records were verified according to the indicators. Results: Analysis of the data and record verification revealed that there was a decrease in the prevalence rate of leprosy, but it had not reached the elimination status. The MB ratio had decreased, but the child ratio remained consistent for the last five years. The disability ratio had also decreased in five years. Conclusion: The National Leprosy Elimination Program had a favorable impact, but at the same time to reach the elimination status there was a need for more stringent Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) activities to be promoted in the community. Active surveillance should be initiated so that hidden cases are not missed in the community.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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