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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 276-277

Maternal health indicators among migrant women construction workers

Department of Community Medicine, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ramnagar, Banur, Punjab, India

Date of Submission06-Dec-2007
Date of Acceptance27-Jun-2008

Correspondence Address:
Meenu Kalia
Department of Community Medicine, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ramnagar, Banur, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.43240

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How to cite this article:
Abrol A, Kalia M, Gupta B P, Sekhon A S. Maternal health indicators among migrant women construction workers. Indian J Community Med 2008;33:276-7

How to cite this URL:
Abrol A, Kalia M, Gupta B P, Sekhon A S. Maternal health indicators among migrant women construction workers. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2008 [cited 2021 Jan 23];33:276-7. Available from: https://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2008/33/4/276/43240


More than half a million women die annually worldwide because of pregnancy-related complications. [1] About 90-95% of these women come from developing countries. [2] The maternal mortality ratio in India is 407 per 100,000 live births (NFHS-3). [3] The Millenium Development Goal 5 aims at reducing the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters. [4]

This paper studies the utilization of antenatal care services along with breastfeeding practices among migrant women construction workers as an indicator of their health status. This study was conducted among migrant construction workers employed at the Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital Construction site, Banur, District Patiala, Punjab.

This cross-sectional study was completed among female construction workers during August-October 2007. There were 564 females working at the construction site. Out of these, 430 females were in the reproductive age group and 308 females had delivered in the last 1 year. All 308 females were included in this study. A team of female health workers and a Medical Officer obtained information regarding antenatal care, place of delivery, and breastfeeding practices with respect to the previous pregnancy by using a pre-designed and pre-tested proforma. The height and weight of each study subject was measured using standardized equipment and pallor was assessed clinically by the accompanying medical officer. Collected data was analyzed and compared with national and state figures.

Among the studied population, 64.4% of females were illiterate [Table 1]. The majority of the literate females were educated only up to the primary level.

Clinical anemia among never married women was found to be 54.9%. Only 10.5% of the study subjects had received 3 or >3 antenatal care check-ups during their last pregnancy and 9.7% had consumed tablets for iron and folic acid for 90 days or more. In this study, 64.7% were unprotected against tetanus.

Of these women, 15% had institutional deliveries and only 18.5% of those who had delivered at home were attended to by trained birth attendants. The breastfeeding practices were found to be much better as initiation of breast feeding within the first hour was practiced by 44.9% of the mothers and 48.5% of them practiced exclusive breast feeding for 6 months. These figures are comparable with the other studies conducted in Chandigarh [5] and Maharashtra. [6]

This study depicts the wide disparity in maternal and child health indicators in this population in comparison with the national and state averages. This information will be useful for local administrators to effectively plan the coverage strategies for this population.

   References Top

1.Tinker AG. Improving women's health in Pakistan. Human Development Network series. Washington DC: The World Bank; 1998.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Jafary SN. Maternal mortality in Pakistan: An overview. Maternal and Prenatal Health. Karachi: TWEL Publications; 1991. p. 21-31.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.NFHS-III. Available from: http://www.nfhsindia.org/NFHS-3%20Data/ [last accessed on 2007 Nov 15].  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.World Health Organization: Millennium development goals. Available from: http//www.who.int/mdg/goals/en/. [last accessed on 2007 May 28].  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Kumar D, Agarwal N, Swami HM. Socio-demographic correlates of breast-feeding in urban slums of Chandigarh. Indian J Med Sci 2006;60:461-6.  Back to cited text no. 5  [PUBMED]  Medknow Journal
6.Kameswararao AA. Breast feeding behavior of Indian women. Indian J Community Med 2004;29:62.  Back to cited text no. 6    Medknow Journal


  [Table 1]

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