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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-14
Study on prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder and salt consumption patterns in Jammu region

1 Department of Community Medicine, Sher-i-Kashmir of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Sher-i-Kashmir of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Imtiyaz A Bhat
Department of Community Medicine, Sher-i-Kashmir of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.39236

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Research Question: What is the situation of iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and salt consumption in Jammu region? Hypothesis: The prevalence of IDD has decreased markedly as a result of medical as well as socio-economic factors. Objective: To assess the magnitude of IDD in Jammu region and also assess the salt consumption patterns in the region. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Primary schools in both urban and rural areas. Study Tools: Clinical examination of study population for goiter, laboratory assessment of casual urine sample for urinary iodine estimation of I 2 content of salt samples collected from sub-samples of study population. Participants: School children in the age group of 6-12 years were selected for study using WHO 30-cluster methodology, urine samples were collected from 15% of selected children and salt samples from 5% of sub-sample. Ethical Concern: No ethical issues were involved. Results: An overall goiter prevalence of 11.98% was observed in the region. Females had a prevalence of 16.1% and males 10.1%. The median urinary iodine excretion in the region was 96.5 g/l (range: 29.0-190.0 g/l). Forty-nine percent of subjects had biochemical iodine deficiency with 6.7% having moderate and 42.53% mild iodine deficiency. In Jammu region, 74.47% of households consume powdered salt with 98.17% powdered salt samples having an I 2 content of greater than 15 ppm. Conclusion: Iodine deficiency remains a public health problem in the region, though the region seems to be in a state of nutritional transition from iodine deficiency to iodine sufficiency.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007