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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 122-124
An Epidemiological Study Of Prevalence Of Tuberculosis In The Urban Slum Area Of Ahmedabad City

Correspondence Address:
A. M Kadri

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Research questions: (1) What is the prevalence of Tuberculosis is slums of Ahmedabad? (2) What is the relation of age, sex and occupation with the prevalence of Tuberculosis? (3) What is the relapse rate? Objective: To study Prevalence of tuberculosis in urban slums of Ahmedabad city and to find out relevant epidemiological factors playing important role. Study design: Cross-sectional. Setting: 30 clusters from slums of the slums and 51 cases of Tuberculosis from this population were taken for detailed study. Study variables: Caste, age, sex, occupation etc, Statistical analysis: Chi-square test, proportions. Results: Overall point prevalence of tuberculosis was found to be 4.69/1000. Higher prevalence was observed among males (5.44/1000) in comparison to females (3.81/1000). Rise in the prevalence with increase in age was seen with highest prevalence in the age group of 60+ (4.81/1000). Retired persons reported high prevalence (25.21/1000). Unemployed and service people were having prevalence of 4.41/1000 and 4.14/1000 respectively. 59.4% of the studied cases had suffered from tuberculosis more than once.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007