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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-38
A Community Based Study On The Prevalence Of Risk Factors OF Cancer Cervix In Married Women Of A Rural Area Of West Bengal

Correspondence Address:
Aparajita Dasgupta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Research question: What is the prevalence of the established risk factors associated with cancer cervix? Objective: To assess the presence of some determinants of cancer cervix among married, rural women of reproductive age group. Study design: Community based, cross – sectional, observational study. Setting: Rural: Village East Gobindopur is Singur block in Hooghly district of West Bengal. Study population : All the married women of reproductive age group (103) of the village were included in the study. Results: More than two – third (72.8%) of the study population belonged to the vulnerable age group (25-45 years) for this disease while 59.3% were married before they attained 18 years of age. Again 50% (approx) of the married women gave birth to their first child before they were 18 years of age. One – third of the study population had parity higher than three. Two – third of the women studied were using one or more methods of family planning and one – third of the same population were permanently sterilized, 20% were using oral contraceptive pills and only 7.7% were using barrier methods of contraception. Only 31% of the women had satisfactory genital hygiene practice and 36.9% had symptoms of reproductive tract infection. Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of some important risk factors associated with cancer cervix like age, age of marriage, age of first child birth, parity ,family planning practices, genital hygiene and reproductive tract infections in the study population. Therefore screening and early detection efforts can be directed specifically to the group at risk.

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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007