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   2007| April-June  | Volume 32 | Issue 2  
 
 
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CME
Integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness: An overview
GK Ingle, Chetna Malhotra
April-June 2007, 32(2):108-110
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35646  
  18,069 1,432 1
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Awareness and practices of menstruation and pubertal changes amongst unmarried female adolescents in a rural area of East Delhi
Parvathy Nair, Vijay L Grover, AT Kannan
April-June 2007, 32(2):156-157
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35668  
  8,360 716 2
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Effect of maternal nutritional status on the birth weight among women of tea tribe in Dibrugarh district
Gourangie Gogoi, FU Ahmed
April-June 2007, 32(2):120-122
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35649  
Research Question: What is the influence of maternal nutritional status during pregnancy on the birth weight? Objective: To assess the effect of maternal nutritional status during pregnancy on the birth weight of the baby among tea tribe women in Dibrugarh district. Study Design: Field-based cohort study. Setting: Five tea estates in Dibrugarh District, Assam. Period of Study: One year (April 1998 to April 1999). Participants: A cohort of non-pregnant currently married tea garden women of reproductive age group (15-44 years) from similar socio-economic background. Materials and Methods: Oral questionnaire for age, family structure, obstetric history, annual income, and period of gestation. Anthropometric measurements of weight and height were recorded using bathroom scales and the anthropometric rod. Measurements of weight were repeated during the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy. Birth weight of the baby was recorded at delivery, irrespective of the period of gestation and mode of delivery. Statistical Analysis: Correlation co-efficient, standard deviation, and regression analysis. Results and Conclusions: Of all, 88% mothers had pre-pregnant weight of <45 kg, and 61% babies had birth weight <2500 gm. Subjects with better pre-pregnant weight had corresponding favorable total weight gain, resulting in better birth weight of the babies. Pre-pregnant weight had direct positive linear relationship with the birth weight. There is a need to improve the nutritional status of the adolescent girl in order to build up her pre-pregnant weight for a favorable birth weight.
  7,032 628 -
DHANVANTARI ORATION
Public health learning and practice from hygiene to community medicine, health management and beyond issues: Challenges and options
SS Kushwah
April-June 2007, 32(2):103-107
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35645  
  6,687 781 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Targeted interventions in Rajasthan, India: How informed are the beneficiaries about transmission of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?
LP Singh, N Purohit, N Mishra
April-June 2007, 32(2):115-119
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35648  
Research Questions: What is the present level of knowledge among the high-risk groups regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and what is the source of such knowledge? What role do the stakeholders play in enhancing their level of knowledge? Objectives: To assess the efficacy of interventions focused on high-risk groups, and to find out indications on the needs to work with the general population. Study Design : Community-based cross-sectional survey about transmission of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); Study Period: December 2002. Participants: 1792 respondents, which included 1001 truckers, 389 migrants, 206 street children, and 196 commercial sex workers (CSWs). Setting: In intervention sites under SACS in Rajasthan Analysis: Frequency distribution and Chi-square tests. Results: Knowledge about all the four methods of transmission of HIV/AIDS was found to be relatively poor among the targeted intervention subjects. Of those who knew about HIV/AIDS about 67 per cent of the spouses of out migrants (55%) over one-third of the in migrants (35%), 45 per cent of the female commercial sex workers and 0.8 per cent truckers knew about all the correct modes of transmission of HIV/AIDS. TV/Radio emerged as the main source of knowledge about the correct modes of transmission for most of the respondents. The state health services and NGO workers, though primarily responsible for imparting knowledge to the subjects were found to be playing marginal role in the same.
  6,150 336 -
SHORT ARTICLES
A cross-sectional study on quality of life in geriatric population
Ankur Barua, R Mangesh, HN Harsha Kumar, Saajan Mathew
April-June 2007, 32(2):146-147
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35659  
  5,424 959 1
Profile of accidents in children less than five years of age belonging to a rural community in Belgaum district
Anita Nath, Vijaya A Naik
April-June 2007, 32(2):133-134
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35653  
  4,568 309 1
EDITORIAL
Dengue outbreak in 2006: Failure of public health system?
Bir Singh
April-June 2007, 32(2):99-100
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35643  
  4,236 572 2
SHORT ARTICLES
The changing profile of pregnant women and quality of antenatal care in rural North India
A Singh, AK Arora
April-June 2007, 32(2):135-136
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35654  
  3,966 510 1
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Participation of adolescents in household decision-making process in Bangladesh
Mizanur M Rahman, M Kabir, M Shahidullah
April-June 2007, 32(2):123-127
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35650  
Background: The decision-making authority is one of the ways of measuring the female empowerment, although mere participation in any matter does not corroborate full empowerment of women. However, participation in decision-making process in household matters considers that a female is accounted in the family. Objective: The present study investigated to the extent at which the female adolescents participated in decision-making process in household matters and assessed the factors influencing them. Study Setting: Both rural and urban areas of Bangladesh. Study Design: A quantitative and a qualitative study designs were adopted for this study. Sample Size and Sampling: A cluster sampling technique was used to select the sample. A sample of 3362 female adolescents irrespective of their marital status was selected using a cluster sampling technique. To complement the results found in quantitative analysis, a series of focus group discussions were also conducted among the adolescents. Results: The analysis revealed that a large proportion of the study adolescents did not participate in any decision-making process in their household matters. Only about one-third (31.1%) of the adolescents participated in any household matter; however, the acceptance of their opinions was minimal. In spite of little participation of adolescents in family matters, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that older adolescents aged 15-19 years, years of schooling, work status, and the family members with a positive attitude toward female education appeared to be the influencing factors for adolescent participation in household affairs ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusions : The study concluded that gainful economic activities of adolescents and female education are the key elements for participation of female adolescents in different household matters.
  3,735 305 1
SHORT ARTICLES
Perceptions and practice with regard to reproductive health among out-of-school adolescents
SS Kushwah, Anuj Mittal
April-June 2007, 32(2):141-143
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35657  
  3,415 579 1
A study on the health status of food handlers employed in food establishments in Bijapur city
Rekha S Udgiri, KA Masali
April-June 2007, 32(2):131-132
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35652  
  3,402 364 1
Thyroid stimulating hormone measurement as the confirmatory diagnosis of hypothyroidism: A study from a tertiary-care teaching hospital, Kolkatta
Pradip Kumar Saha, Baijayanti Baur, Soma Gupta
April-June 2007, 32(2):139-140
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35656  
  3,251 297 1
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Morbidity profile of ex-servicemen residing in Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad municipal corporation area and its relationship with certain clinico-epidemiological factors
SK Kumbhar, JK Joshi, VS Tapare, JU Yadav
April-June 2007, 32(2):111-114
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35647  
Research Question: What is the morbidity profile of ex-servicemen residing at Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad corporation area. Objectives: 1) To determine types and extent of prevalent morbidities among ex-servicemen. 2) To ascertain the association between prevalent morbidities and selected predictor variables Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Ex-servicemen's canteen, Vishrambag, Sangli. Participants: 416 ex-servicemen, registered under ex-servicemen's canteen, Vishrambag. Statistical Analysis: Percentage, Chi-square test, and odds ratio. Results: 217 (52.2%) subjects had one or more diseases/conditions. Commonest diseases detected were hypertension (26.20%), musculoskeletal problems (23.55%), and mental health problems (12.98%). Increase in the post-retirement period of ex-servicemen was significantly associated with increase in prevalence of hypertension, OR = 8.75 (3.73-20.52) and musculoskeletal disorders, OR = 10.88 (4.54-26.52). Prevalence of hypertension was significantly more for those who served less than 10 years in the military job, OR = 1.90 (1.04-3.8). In the upper socio-economic class, the risk of hypertension was significantly more, OR = 6.08 (1.78-20.17); in the upper lower class, the risk of musculoskeletal disorders was significantly more, OR = 4.15 (1.88-9.16). Considering the importance of health of ex-servicemen and existence of high morbidity pattern, periodical screening was needed for every ex-serviceman who belonged to the high-risk group.
  3,082 211 -
SHORT ARTICLES
Prevalence of reproductive tract infections among recently married women in Veerapandi Panchayat union of Salem district, Tamil Nadu
C Kannan, TN Athmaraman, Abdul Nayeem, S Sangeetha, R Sudha, K Ponsuganthi, K Murugan
April-June 2007, 32(2):144-145
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35658  
  2,644 311 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Socioeconomic and demographic correlates of tobacco use and alcoholic consumption among Indian women
GK Mini
April-June 2007, 32(2):150-151
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35662  
  2,256 385 1
BOOK REVIEWS
Textbook of community medicine (P and SM)
Bala M Soudarssanane, SK Pradhan
April-June 2007, 32(2):163-163
  2,399 214 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Use of home remedies by women for the treatment of minor injuries
YR Kadam, PM Durgawale, SV Kakade
April-June 2007, 32(2):155-156
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35667  
  2,371 213 -
SHORT ARTICLES
Impact of training, on perceptions and practices related to human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, on male health workers in Rajkot district, Gujarat
JM Katira, D Dutt, PB Tolia, P Chatterjee
April-June 2007, 32(2):128-130
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35651  
  2,000 271 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Changing trends in breast-feeding pattern
A Kumkum, T Ashima, S Praveen, CG Shweta
April-June 2007, 32(2):154-154
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35666  
  1,936 332 -
Currency as fomites?
SV Jalgaonkar, Gopal Agrawal, Vaishali Rahangdale, SB Kokate
April-June 2007, 32(2):157-158
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35669  
  2,046 177 -
Seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus antibody in a hospital-based population of Jaipur, Rajasthan
Rajni Sharma, Parul Sinha, Rekha Bachiwal, Suman Rishi
April-June 2007, 32(2):158-159
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35670  
  2,033 183 1
Factors influencing maternal health in Rewa town
Divya Sahu, SS Kushwah
April-June 2007, 32(2):148-148
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35660  
  1,914 267 -
Government should enforce restrictions on medical practice by non-qualified persons as well as cross practice in India
RK Bansal, A Verma
April-June 2007, 32(2):161-161
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35673  
  1,916 193 -
Fertility profile and its correlates in a rural population of Dehradun district
Amrita Kansal, R Chandra, SD Kandpal, KS Negi
April-June 2007, 32(2):152-153
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35664  
  1,860 193 -
SHORT ARTICLES
Epidemiological study of violence: A study from North East India
Anuja Baruah, Alak Baruha
April-June 2007, 32(2):137-138
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35655  
  1,775 246 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Activity status of elderly in a rural area
PK Goel, SK Garg, JV Singh, M Bhatnagar, H Chopra, SK Bajpai
April-June 2007, 32(2):149-149
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35661  
  1,710 279 -
Awareness regarding pre- and postexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among nursing students
S Avachat, DB Phalke, GB Dhumale
April-June 2007, 32(2):159-159
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35671  
  1,744 215 -
INAUGURAL ADDRESS
Ensuring health for all people: Balanced development in health care and services is the key issue
Samlee Plianbangchang
April-June 2007, 32(2):101-102
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35644  
  1,667 255 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
A new initiative on primary and preventive health care-early results on expenditure patterns
Shankar R Vedam
April-June 2007, 32(2):160-160
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35672  
  1,391 157 -
Public health foundation: Concerns and missed areas
RK Sood, S Goel, AK Gupta
April-June 2007, 32(2):162-162
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35674  
  1,364 181 -
BOOK REVIEWS
The new politics of population: Conflict and consensus in family planning
C Kannan
April-June 2007, 32(2):163-163
  1,300 183 -
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Malaria among migrants in a rural area of Belgaum
MK Muralidhar, AS Wantamutte
April-June 2007, 32(2):153-153
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35665  
  1,267 207 -
Polio eradication: Time for introspection
A Chaudhary, S Sharma, S Girdhar
April-June 2007, 32(2):151-151
DOI:10.4103/0970-0218.35663  
  1,289 171 1
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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007