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   1996| January-December  | Volume 21 | Issue 2  
    Online since July 17, 2009

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A Study Of Health Status Of Aged Persons In Slums Of Urban Field Practice Area, Bangalore
G V Niranjan, M K Vasundhra
January-December 1996, 21(2):37-40
Research Question: What is the health status of aged persons in urban slums? Objective: To study the health status of aged persons in urban slums and factors associated with it. Study Design: Cross-sectional. Participant: Persons aged 60 years and above. Setting: 11 Slums of Bangalore city. Sample size: 409 (223 males & 186 females) Study variables: Age, Sex, type of family. Marital status, occupation, social class, literacy status, addiction, and morbidity pattern, Results: Among 223 (54.52%) males and 186 (45.48%) females majority (46.21%) belonged to the social class-III. Only 25.19% of the were literate and 39.36% of the aged were engaged in active work. 90.46% of the aged had one or more addiction. Most of them (82.89%) were ill at the time of survey, cataract (72.95%) being the commonest caused of illness followed by anemia (12.59%). The problems due to socio-psychological causes were very minimal, probably because majority (88.75%) of them were residing with their families.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,014 388 -
Long Term Impact Of The Non Formal Pre School Education Component Of Icds On The Mental Status Of School Going Children
R K Sachar, J Krishnan, R C Bhatia, N Raizada, Ramnik Dhot, R K Soni, P J S Gill
January-December 1996, 21(2):16-21
Research Question: What is the long term impact of non formal pre-school education component of ICDS on the mental status of school children? Objective: To assess and compare the long-term impact of the preschool education component of ICDS on the mental development in rural and urban children in the school going age group (6-12 yrs). Study design: With and without non-formal education exposure. Setting: Two ICDS blocks one urban and one rural in Ludhiana district. Participants: School going children in age group 6-12 yrs. Sample Size: 360 children, (180 each from urban and rural) school going children from 30 schools. Study Variables: Age, Sex. Place of residence, previous ICDS attendance. Outcome Variable: present mental status by Raven Colored Progressive Matrices Test. Statistical Analysis: Mean and Standard Error of difference between means. Results: The children exposed to non-formal pre-school education through ICDS in younger life had better mental status than those who did not receive such stimulation. Urban children of higher age groups i.e, 8-10yrs, had better mental status than similar group of rural children. No sex difference was noted in between similar groups. Recommendation: Non-formal pre-school education component of ICDS is highly cost-effective measure in promoting mental development and serves very useful purpose in our present situation.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  980 229 -
Survey on Public Awareness On AIDS- Role Of Government And Non Government Agencies In A Rural South Indian Community
G Balagnesh, V Chandrasekar, T S R Sai, Sudhakar V Babu
January-December 1996, 21(2):41-46
Research Question: What is the level of Public awareness on AIDS in a rural community and to what extent the government and non-government agencies have played their role in creating the awareness? Objectives: (i) To study the public awareness on AIDS in a rural community (ii) To Study role of government and non-government agencies in creating the awareness on AIDS. Design: Cross-sectional study Setting: Rural area under S. V. Medical College Triputi (AP) Participants: 100 males (15-45 yrs) and 100 females (15-45 yrs). Study variables: Awareness on AIDS, Government and non-government agencies. Statistical Analysis: Percentages Results: Most of the persons interviewed had minimal knowledge on AIDS. Quite a large section of the ‘ study population was ignorant over the safety offered by condoms in preventing AIDS. Doordarshan and Newspaper agencies played much role in creation the awareness on AIDS, while the non-government agencies like Lions’ Club, Rotary Club. Indian Junior Chamber etc. played no role in creating the awareness on AIDS in the study area. Recommendations: Government health sector should take more responsibility in educating the people and creating adequate awareness on AIDS. Non-government agencies should involve themselves in creating awareness on AIDS.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  769 117 -
Pulse Polio Immunization Coverage Evaluation In A Rural Area Of Agra District
Deoki Nandan, S K Mishra, Gajendra K Gupta, Sanjay Gupta, B B Maheshwari
January-December 1996, 21(2):34-36
Research Question: What is the extent of PPI Coverage and what is the source of information and motivation to the community. Objective: To assess the extent of coverage of immunization carried out during pulse polio Immunization (1995-96) in rural areas of Agra District. Study Design: Cross-sectional Setting: Selected Villages of PHC Bichpuri, covered by ICDS, in Agra District Participants: Persons who took the <3 children for immunization Sample Size: 581 Persons from 987 households Study Variables: Doses of OPV received, source of information, location of immunization site, distance traveled and mode of transport. Results: The reported achievement for the first dose was 86.6% and for the second it was 87.6%. It was found that most important sources of knowledge were Anganwadi Worker (43.54%) followed by ANM (26.88%). Majority of the immunization booths (67.29%) were working in sunshine. More than 90% villagers reached the site walking on foot. Recommendations: Efforts should be made by the worker (HW and AWW) to motivate the population for 100% coverage under the coming PPI programme. Information should be given to the worker regarding correct location of immunization site.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  701 113 -
An Epidemiological Study Of Cardiovascular Diseases In Rural Community Of Jawan Block, Aligarh, U.P., India
Ashok Kumar Agarwal, Mohammad Yuns, Jamal Ahmad
January-December 1996, 21(2):22-27
Research Question: What is the status of cardiovascular disease in rural areas of U.P? Objectives: To study the spectrum of cardiovascular disease, under an internationally accepted classification with respect to risk factors. Study Design: Cross-sectional Setting: Jawan Block, District Aligarh (U.P) Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test Results: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in the study population was 4.15% with Hypertension being most prevalent (1.57%) sudden increase in prevalence was noticed beyond the age of 35 years which was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Prevalence of cardiovascular disease was more common among males; businessmen and professionals were also more prone to them (p < 0.001). The disease was also significantly high among obese, non-vegetarians, individuals from high socio- economic class (prasad’s modified classification) and those addicted to alcohol and tobacco.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  606 198 -
Immunization Coverage - A Comparison Between Tribal, Non-Tirbal and Urban Areas Of Udaipur District
Afifa Zafer, B L Tamboli, Rekha Bhatnagar, K D Ameta
January-December 1996, 21(2):47-52
Research Question: What influences the accessibility and utilization of immunization services? Objective: To study immunization coverage in Urban, Non-tribal and Tribal areas. Study Design: Cross-sectional Participants: Mother and children Sample Size: 420 mothers and 421 children. Setting: Urban, Rural & Tribal Statistical Analysis: Simple proportions Results: Level of Coverage was higher in urban area (67.29%) and low in non-tribal (39.68%) and tribal areas (21.42%) respectively. Low level of coverage in tribal areas is a cause of concern for accessibility of health services in general and immunization services in particular. The study makes a strong case for improvement of services in tribal areas.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  623 153 -
Containment Of Outbreak Of P. Falciparum Malaria In Community Development Block Lakhanmajra
Sunder Lal, Mohan Singh Vashisht, M S Punia, Pardeep Khanna, Shiv Kumar, D R Arora, Sant Lal, Dhruv Chaudhary
January-December 1996, 21(2):28-33
Research question: What strategies need to be adopted to contain an outbreak of plasmodium falciparum in rural community. Objective: To improve active case detection and prompt fever mass treatment as also to ensure follow up activities. Study Design: Population based longitudinal study. Setting: Villages showing high Incidence of plasmodium falciparum malaria. Participant: All persons having fever or giving history of fever in the past 15 days. Outcome Variables: Recovered or cured, persistence of fever, death. Statistical analysis: Malariometric indices. Results: A rising trend of fever in block Lakhanmajra was obvious as ABER of 1995 was more than double (28.3) as compared to the year1991 (12.7). Similar API, SPR, AFI & SFR also increased significantly. Average slide positivity rate of the past three years was 8.1% and the slide positivity rate in the last three years increased by two and half time and plasmodium falciparum proportion was well above 33.5% and many deaths due to falciparum malaria were registered in some sections. Thus the area being high risk area, prone to epidemics. No evidence of drug resistance was observable. Pf Malaria deaths were averted, the explosive incidence was contained, improved and sustained surveillance operations helped early detection and prompt treatment of cases in their homes. People’s confidence and participation was ensured through DDCs & FTDs (Drug Distribution Centers and Fever Treatment Depots) workers’ morale was raised through adequate support and guidance.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  572 52 -
Comparison Of Irms Delhi Methodology With Who Methodology On Immunization Coverage
Padam Singh
January-December 1996, 21(2):7-15
Research question: What are the merits of IRMS Model over WHO Model for Coverage Evaluation Survey? Which method is superior and appropriate for coverage evolution survey of immunization in our setting? Objective: To compare IRMS Delhi methodology with WHO methodology on Immunization Coverage. Study Design: Cross-Sectional Setting: Urban and Rural both. Participants: Mothers& Children Sample Size: 300 children between 1-2 years and 300 mothers in rural areas and 75 children and 75 mothers in urban areas. Study Variables: Rural, Urban, Cast-Group, Size of the stratum, Literacy, Sex and Cost effectiveness. Outcome Variables: Coverage level of immunization. Analysis: Routine Statistical Analysis. Results: IRMS developed methodology scores better rating over WHO methodology, especially when coverage evolution is attempted in medium size villages with existence of socio-economic seggregation-which remains the main characteristic of the Indian villages.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  501 71 -
Rural Women-Health Scenario
Sunder Lal
January-December 1996, 21(2):3-6
Full text not available  [PDF]
  311 85 -
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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007