Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 256--260

Primary health-care staff barriers to immunization


Layth Ghazi Al-Salihi1, Ihab Raqeeb Aakef1, Saeb Jasim Al-Shuwaili2, Wafaa Mohammed Zaki Hadi3 
1 Department of Communicable Disease Control, Directorate of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Manager of Public Health Section, Medical City Directorate, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Manager of Infection Control Unit, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City Directorate, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ihab Raqeeb Aakef
Ministry of Health, Directorate of Public Health, Communicable Diseases Control Department, Baghdad
Iraq

Background: Missed opportunities for immunization (MOI) is considered as the most important preventable reason for underimmunization. Health-care workers stand beyond more than half the children's missed opportunities due to gaps in their knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding immunization. Objectives: This study assessed immunization staff at primary health-care centers in Baghdad/Al-Karkh for KAP that may lead to MOI. Materials and Methods: KAP survey was conducted on field immunization service providers at primary health-care centers in Baghdad/Al-Karkh. Barriers are considered to present whenever scores found <80 in any of KAP. Data were collected using a self-administered structured questionnaire analyzed by SPSS 24. Results: Among 217 respondent health professionals, 69 (31.8%) were physicians and 148 (68.2%) were nurses. The studied sample got mean scores for KAP of 84.7 ± 11.4, 71.1 ± 22.7, and 74.8 ± 20.3, respectively. Physicians had higher mean knowledge score compared to nurses (P < 0.05). Both physicians and nurses got mean scores below 80 for both attitudes and practices. Conclusion: Attitudes and practices in both physicians and nurses need to be improved to avoid MOI.


How to cite this article:
Al-Salihi LG, Aakef IR, Al-Shuwaili SJ, Zaki Hadi WM. Primary health-care staff barriers to immunization.Indian J Community Med 2019;44:256-260


How to cite this URL:
Al-Salihi LG, Aakef IR, Al-Shuwaili SJ, Zaki Hadi WM. Primary health-care staff barriers to immunization. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jul 6 ];44:256-260
Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2019;volume=44;issue=3;spage=256;epage=260;aulast=Al-Salihi;type=0