Indian Journal of Community Medicine

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2009  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 366--367

Physical activity pattern among the adolescents of a rural community in West Bengal


Sima Roy1, Aparajita Dasgupta2,  
1 Department of Community Medicine, IPGME&R, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Sima Roy
Department of Community Medicine, IPGME&R, Kolkata
India




How to cite this article:
Roy S, Dasgupta A. Physical activity pattern among the adolescents of a rural community in West Bengal.Indian J Community Med 2009;34:366-367


How to cite this URL:
Roy S, Dasgupta A. Physical activity pattern among the adolescents of a rural community in West Bengal. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2009 [cited 2019 Dec 6 ];34:366-367
Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2009/34/4/366/58404


Full Text

Sir,

Physical activity is one of the major lifestyle-related health determinants. However, such an important health-protecting behavior is seen to decline during adolescence. This study was undertaken to assess the physical activity pattern among adolescents and to find out the various factors influencing the same.

An observational study was carried out among the adolescents in Diara village, Singur block, Hoogly district, West Bengal. The total adolescent population was nearly 450 out of the total population of 2252, that is approximately 20%. Of them, 25% were studied by selecting through simple random sampling from a suitable sample frame and interviewing with a questionnaire developed from International Physical Activity Questionnaire. [1]

The day's activity was characterized into type of activity and its duration.

Energy expenditure for each of the activities was computed by Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) for that duration x metabolic constant for that activity

Total energy expenditure was computed by adding the full-day energy expenditure for all the activities with energy expenditure for growth. This value was compared with the standard total daily energy expenditure as per WHO guidelines. [2]

Seventy percentage of the studied population were students (mostly the younger adolescents), 16% were carpenters, shop helpers, or housemaids, and 14% were unemployed(mostly the older girls). Approximately, they spent 10 h for their occupation, 1 h for travelling (cycling or walking), 1 h for household activities, 2 h for leisure, 2 h for miscellaneous activities, and 8 h for sleeping. Their household activities included sweeping, washing, cooking, cattle caring, looking after children and older people. Girls were more engaged in housework. Leisure activities of younger girls and boys were mainly games. Older girls spent most of their leisure time by watching TV, sewing, and gossiping. Seventy-eight percentage were sufficiently active, whereas 22% were less active. Of these, 70% had a normal BMI. None were found to be obese. Younger adolescents and school attendees were more active and the finding was statistically significant. Physical activities and gender did not show any statistically significant relationship [Table 1].

The study showed that most of the adolescents were sufficiently active, the level being more at younger age, as was also reported by Heath [3] and Kenneth [4] Besides occupational activity, use of active transport, housework, and games helped them to expend energy. Energy expenditure was more among the school attendees and that was probably due to participation in school's physical education program, as was also observed by Gordon-Larsen [5] Although physical activities and gender did not show any statistically significant relationship, leisure activities varied with age and sex. Older girls spent their leisure time for sedentary activities, probably due to lack of parental or social support for games, which was also reported by other studies. [6],[7]

The study recommends for parental and social support for physical activities, community-based recreational opportunities, and school attendance for adolescents.

References

1International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Available from: http://www.ipaq.ki.se (last accessed on Dec 2003)
2WHO. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. Energy and Protein Requirement. Technical Report Series 724, 1985. 186-191, 194-195.
3Heath GW, Pratt M, Warren CW, Kann L. Physical activity patterns in American high school students. Results from the 1990 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1994;148:1131-6.
4Allison KR, Dwyer JJ, Makin S. Self-efficacy and participation in vigorous physical activity by high school students. Health Educ Behav 1999 ; 26:12-24.
5Gordon-Larsen P, McMurray RG. Determinants of adolescent physical activity and inactivity patterns. Pediatrics 2000 , 105 (6) Available from: www.pediatrics.org (last accessed on Oct 2007).
6National Institute of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Decline in physical activity plays key role in weight gain among adolescent girls. National Institute of Health News, July 13, 2005.
7Spadano JL, Bandini LG, Must A, Dallal GE, Dietz WH. Longitudinal changes in energy expenditure in girls from late childhood through midadolescence. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:1102-9.