Indian Journal of Community Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2007  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 182--184

A study of hepatitis E outbreak in rural area of Western Maharashtra


YK Gurav1, SV Kakade2, RV Kakade2, YR Kadam2, PM Durgawale2 
1 Department of PSM, Shri V. N. Government Medical College, Yavatmal, India
2 Department of PSM, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad, India

Correspondence Address:
Y K Gurav
Department of P.S.M, Shri. VN Govt Medical College, Dist. Yavatmal - 445 001, Maharashatra
India

Aim: To study the profile of infective hepatitis cases in the study village. Objective: 1. To study the time, place, and person distribution of hepatitis cases in the study village. 2. To find the source of infection in the study village. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Rethare Khurd village (15 km south of Karad, on bank of River Krishna), over a period of September 4, 2004 to December 5, 2004. Participants: All residents of Rethare Khurd village. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, attack rate, Chi-square test were performed. Results: Total 3749 individuals were surveyed and examined, of which 1920 (51.21%) were males and 1829 (48.78%) were females. Total 8 males and 17 females suffered from infective hepatitis. Blood samples collected from 10 patients for liver function test and serological investigation confirmed a hepatitis E outbreak. Maximum numbers of cases were in the age group of 15-30 years. The overall attack rate was 0.66%. The difference in attack rate of hepatitis of both the sexes was not statistically significant ( P >0.05).Only one ANC had infective hepatitis. Majority of the villagers (61.12%) defecated in the open near the intake well on the bank of River Krishna. Conclusion: This outbreak illustrates the role of the local Government in prevention and control of water borne epidemic and to strengthen the surveillance for water borne diseases in the rural area.


How to cite this article:
Gurav Y K, Kakade S V, Kakade R V, Kadam Y R, Durgawale P M. A study of hepatitis E outbreak in rural area of Western Maharashtra.Indian J Community Med 2007;32:182-184


How to cite this URL:
Gurav Y K, Kakade S V, Kakade R V, Kadam Y R, Durgawale P M. A study of hepatitis E outbreak in rural area of Western Maharashtra. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2019 Oct 20 ];32:182-184
Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2007;volume=32;issue=3;spage=182;epage=184;aulast=Gurav;type=0