Year : 2007 | Volume
: 32 | Issue : 2 | Page : 163-
The new politics of population: Conflict and consensus in family planning
Department of Community Medicine, V.M.K.V. Medical College, Salem - 636 308, India
Department of Community Medicine, V.M.K.V. Medical College, Salem - 636 308
|How to cite this article:|
Kannan C. The new politics of population: Conflict and consensus in family planning.Indian J Community Med 2007;32:163-163
|How to cite this URL:|
Kannan C. The new politics of population: Conflict and consensus in family planning. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2019 Jun 25 ];32:163-163
Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2007/32/2/163/35675
Jason L. Finkle and C. Alison McIntosh
Published By: The Population Council, New York
This volume is the product of a seminar held at the Rockefeller Foundation's conference center in Bellagio, Italy in February and published as a supplement to Population and Development Review volume 20, 1994. This could be a good reference book for Community Medicine in different medical college libraries.
The fourteen essays in the book focus on the actors and the events that have shaped global trends in family planning policies. The intimate connections between family planning on one hand and sex, reproduction, and the family on the other influenced fertility behavior, which is a sensitive, sometimes, volatile endeavor. The book has documented the political environment of policies and programs to promote family planning; offer country studies of policy formulation and implementation; and investigate the efforts and impact of transnational actors such as Catholic Church, feminist movements, and pro-choice and anti-abortion groups.
After two successive world wars, the industrialized nations started to revise their outmoded belief in the direct relationship between population size and military strength and recognized the greater importance of economic and technological superiority.
In 1950, a proposal to create an expert committee on "the health aspects of population dynamics" alarmed the Vatican and induced the representatives of several Catholic countries to withdraw their memberships, and WHO, an obvious contender for a leadership position in family planning, was agitated.
A major change in the debate over controlling population growth was precipitated by the appearance of new technologies of contraception in the 1960s. The development of a variety of safe and effective contraceptives that are relatively easy-to-use and administer provided the governments, for the first time in history, the possibility of influencing fertility trends. Today, more and more governments identify their "population problem" as a rapid growing problem and consider family planning as a major means of dealing with the problem.