Indian Journal of Community Medicine


Year
: 1999  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 58--63

Risk Factors For Ectopic Pregnancy : A Case Control Study


J.S Deshmukh1, S.P Zodpey2, N.D Vasudeo3 
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2 
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Correspondence Address:
J.S Deshmukh


Research question: Which are the risk factors for ectopic pregnancy . Objective: To study the strength of association between hypothesised risk factors and ectopic pregnancy. Study design: Unmatched case- control study. Setting: Government Medical College, Hospital, Nagpur. Participants: 133 cases of ectopic pregnancy and equal number of controls (non pregnant women) admitted to study hospital. Study variables : Pelvic inflammatory diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, IUD use at conception , past use of IUD, prior ectopic pregnancy, OC pills use at the time of conception, past use of OC pills, induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, infertility and pelvic and abdominal surgery. Statistical analysis: Odds ratios & their 95% CI, Pearson’s chi square test, unconditional logistic regression analysis and population attributable risk proportion. Results : Use of IUD at conception, prior ectopic pregnancy , pelvic inflammatory disease, sexually transmitted diseases, infertility, OC pills use at the time of conception, past use of IUD and induced abortion were found to be significantly associated with ectopic pregnancy. Conclusion: Identification of these risk factors for etopic pregnancy shall help in early detection and appropriate management in an individual case and it may help in devising a comprehensive preventive strategy for ectopic pregnancy


How to cite this article:
Deshmukh J, Zodpey S, Vasudeo N. Risk Factors For Ectopic Pregnancy : A Case Control Study.Indian J Community Med 1999;24:58-63


How to cite this URL:
Deshmukh J, Zodpey S, Vasudeo N. Risk Factors For Ectopic Pregnancy : A Case Control Study. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 1999 [cited 2020 Apr 3 ];24:58-63
Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=1999;volume=24;issue=2;spage=58;epage=63;aulast=Deshmukh;type=0