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Nutritional Status and Academic Achievement of School Adolescents availing Mid-Day Meal in Government Schools of Chandigarh, India

1 Akal School of Public Health, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Pratap Thakur,
Assistant Professor, Akal School of Public Health, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Sirmour - 173 101, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.173503



Background: Nutrition is one of the most important determinants of educational outcomes. Objective: To find relation between nutritional status and academic achievement of school adolescents availing mid-day meal scheme in Chandigarh, India. Materials and Methods: A school-based survey consisting 1,274 participants from randomly selected 12 government schools of Chandigarh was conducted. Seven schools, three schools, and two schools from urban, rural, and slums were selected, respectively. Thereafter, the school adolescents of 6 th , 7 th , and 8 th standard from each school were selected. World Health Organization (WHO) Anthroplus software was used to find out nutritional status of adolescents. Results: Prevalence of stunting and severe stunting among adolescents was found in 313 (25.5%) and 91 (7.4%), respectively. Prevalence of thinness and severe thinness were 279 (22.7%) and 89 (7.3%), respectively. Highest prevalence of stunting was found in lower socio-economic group adolescents, i.e., 161 (28.15%) and it decreased with better socio-economic status (SES) (P = 0.02). It was found that both socio-economic status and stunting were significantly affecting the grades of the students with a P - value of 0.00 and 0.00, respectively. Among students who were eating MDM four times or more per week, 65.21% (596) had no stunting, followed by 27.13% (248) with stunting. Among students who were eating MDM thrice or less in a week, 72.70% (229) had no stunting and 20.63% (65) had stunting. The difference was found to be statistically significant (P = 0.04). Conclusion: Malnutrition affects educational performance as revealed by poor academic scores of children, who consumed no mid-day meal or less mid-day meal. Malnutrition is mostly affecting the school adolescents of lower socio-economic group, there is a need to strengthen the mid-day meal scheme in Chandigarh.

Keywords: Academic achievement, BMI, Chandigarh, malnutrition, mid-day meal, stunting

How to cite this URL:
Thakur P, Goel NK, Pathak RK, Singh N, Kumar A. Nutritional Status and Academic Achievement of School Adolescents availing Mid-Day Meal in Government Schools of Chandigarh, India. Indian J Community Med [Epub ahead of print] [cited 2019 Oct 16]. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/preprintarticle.asp?id=173503

The Article has been Retracted at the request of the Chief Editor, who noted an administrative error.




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