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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 299-302
Challenges and solutions in implementing hearing screening program in India


1 Department of CFM, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of ENT and HNS, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Preeti Sahu
Room No. 1214A, BERA Room, 1st Floor, Medical College Building, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_73_19

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Hearing is the key to learning spoken language, performing academically, and engaging socially for children. Degree of hearing loss quantifies the hearing ability from mild to profound, based on the audiometric findings for an individual across certain frequencies or pitches. Early identification and appropriate intervention is the prime need. A probable strategy is to ensure that every newborn is screened for possible hearing loss at the birth in the hospital. In India, hearing screening facility is mostly available to newborns brought into tertiary hospitals. Some of the key issues in the implementation of the program identified are lack of human resources, inadequate infrastructure, equipment-related shortcomings, and low priority for hearing impairment (HI) prevention. The Government of India initiated efforts toward prevention and control of HI, i.e., National Program for Prevention and Control of deafness and Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram which are significant milestones in the implementation of systematic nationwide hearing screening programs.


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