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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 256-260
Primary health-care staff barriers to immunization


1 Department of Communicable Disease Control, Directorate of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Manager of Public Health Section, Medical City Directorate, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Manager of Infection Control Unit, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City Directorate, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ihab Raqeeb Aakef
Ministry of Health, Directorate of Public Health, Communicable Diseases Control Department, Baghdad
Iraq
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_14_19

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Background: Missed opportunities for immunization (MOI) is considered as the most important preventable reason for underimmunization. Health-care workers stand beyond more than half the children's missed opportunities due to gaps in their knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding immunization. Objectives: This study assessed immunization staff at primary health-care centers in Baghdad/Al-Karkh for KAP that may lead to MOI. Materials and Methods: KAP survey was conducted on field immunization service providers at primary health-care centers in Baghdad/Al-Karkh. Barriers are considered to present whenever scores found <80 in any of KAP. Data were collected using a self-administered structured questionnaire analyzed by SPSS 24. Results: Among 217 respondent health professionals, 69 (31.8%) were physicians and 148 (68.2%) were nurses. The studied sample got mean scores for KAP of 84.7 ± 11.4, 71.1 ± 22.7, and 74.8 ± 20.3, respectively. Physicians had higher mean knowledge score compared to nurses (P < 0.05). Both physicians and nurses got mean scores below 80 for both attitudes and practices. Conclusion: Attitudes and practices in both physicians and nurses need to be improved to avoid MOI.


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