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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 28-32
Depression and anxiety disorders among schoolgoing adolescents in an urban area of South India


1 Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Child Development Centre, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
4 Department Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. P Prasanna Mithra
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangaluru - 575 001, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_209_18

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Context: Adolescence is a period of turmoil, leading to several mental health challenges including anxiety and/or depression. Aims: To study the prevalence of depression and anxiety among higher school going adolescents and their sociodemographic correlates. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study included 201 schoolgoing adolescents. Subjects and Methods: Depression and anxiety were measured using Beck Depression Inventory and Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test and binary logistic Regression with Hosmer–Lemeshow goodness-of-fit model. Results: Overall, 82 (40.8%) showed depression (from mild mood disturbance to severe and extreme depression). Among females, it was 49.3% (vs. 35.9% among males, odds ratio [OR] 2.00; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02–03.97, P = 0.046). Overall, 110 (54.7%) participants had one or the other type of anxiety. Depression among the participants having one or other type of anxiety was 60% (vs. 17.6% without anxiety, OR 7.34; 95% CI: 3.68–14.64, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Depression and anxiety were high among the study participants. Co-existing anxiety and female gender are significantly associated with depression among them. Increasing age, socioeconomic factors, and parental education are other factors influencing depression and anxiety but were statistically not significant.


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