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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 270-273
Street-level bureaucracy in tobacco control: A qualitative study of health department in district Jalandhar, Punjab


Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shaveta Menon
215 Urban Estate Phase 2, Jalandhar - 144 022, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_82_18

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Background: The implementers of the tobacco control policy in the field have been neglected by the policymakers. They are the ones who have first-hand knowledge and their experiences in the field are not being used to bring about changes in the area of tobacco control. Objective: The objective of this paper is to critically examine how Michael Lipsky's concept of street-level bureaucracy can be used to address tobacco control in the health department in district Jalandhar of Punjab. Methods: Semi-structured interview schedules were used to interview Senior Medical Officers/Nodal Officers and Health Supervisors/Sanitary inspectors in four out of ten Community Health Centers and District hospital in Jalandhar. Data so collected were subjected to the process of inductive analysis and themes developed within the framework given by Lipsky. Results: The street-level bureaucrats (SLBs) were not given adequate training, and various organizational resources for tobacco control are missing in the district. There are threats and challenges which are faced by them in the field, and they do not exercise decision-making power to handle these barriers for effective implementation of the tobacco control program. Conclusion: The government needs to be inclusive in the process of policymaking meaning that it can be more accommodative of the suggestions given by the SLBs and provide them with discretionary powers to exercise their role efficiently.


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