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LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 250
 

Determinants which influence to donate blood voluntarily at a Northeast District of the State of Tamil Nadu, South India


1 Department of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India
2 Rural Unit for Health and Social Affairs (RUHSA), Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India
3 Professor, Department of Bio-Statistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India

Date of Web Publication15-Oct-2014

Correspondence Address:
Umakanth Siromani
Department of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamilnadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.143031

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How to cite this article:
Siromani U, Thasian T, Selvaraj KG, Daniel D, Mammen JJ, Nair SC, Isaac R. Determinants which influence to donate blood voluntarily at a Northeast District of the State of Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Community Med 2014;39:250

How to cite this URL:
Siromani U, Thasian T, Selvaraj KG, Daniel D, Mammen JJ, Nair SC, Isaac R. Determinants which influence to donate blood voluntarily at a Northeast District of the State of Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2017 Jul 24];39:250. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2014/39/4/250/143031


Sir,

Blood donation is a noble act and blood donors are the angels of Goodwill since they donate blood for saving human lives. Blood donor recruitment and retention is important as human blood is an essential to save human life. [1] This study designed and conducted over a period of eight weeks to investigate determinants which influence to donate blood voluntarily, in Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu, South India. The respondents (n = 70) were selected using systematic sampling method. Chi-square and independent t-test was used to find significance between determinants.

Among the education level of the blood donors, the majority of them were undergraduates (45.7%) and post graduates (30%). It shows that education is an important determinant in blood donation decision. [2] 84.3% of male and 15.7% of females were donating blood, and it shows male donors are more predominant in voluntary blood donation. [3] The frequency of blood donation by donors was 4 times, and mean value of first time blood donation was at the age of 21 years.

Among the majority of the respondents-92.5% reported religious heads and over half those 57.1% reported that spouse or family members influenced them to donate blood voluntarily. Over 60% of respondents indicated that they have an opportunity to be recruited via advertisements or by personal phone calls or a direct appeal (invitation) from blood bank. As a part of donor motivations, about 40 to 50 voluntary blood donation camps were conducted in and around district by John Scudder Memorial Blood Bank, Christian Medical College, Vellore. These camps play a major role in creating awareness and motivation among the community in and around the district (e.g.) educational institutions, religious ceremonies, community programmes and marriage receptions.

With the emergence of e-mail as a common form of communication this study suggests that e-mail has proven to be an effective method of reaching new donors. [4] Younger people seem to prefer SMS and e-mail. The notice boards and posters have potential to make a significant contribution to donor recruitment and retention programs in Colleges. Using of appropriate communication techniques might be helpful in recruiting new blood donors.

Willingness to donate blood was significantly high among donors within high level of education. Blood donation has few problems; to name a few-myths, misconceptions, beliefs and above all, fear of pain involved during the process and 'faceless' sort of service. [5] Blood donors should be treated with respect and concern by staff of blood bank since they are the life savers of many. The determinants contributing to voluntary blood donation are influenced only when good services are provided by blood bank.

 
   References Top

1.
An Action Plan for Blood Safety. National AIDS Control Organization: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; 2003. p. 7.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Ownby HE, Kong F, Watanabe K, Tu Y, Nass CC. Analysis of donor return behavior. Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study. Transfusion 1999:39;1128-35.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
WHO-Gender distribution of blood donors, by country, Global Database on Blood Safety; 2008. Available from: www.who.int/bloodsafety/factsheet [Last accessed on June 2011].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Geyer ME. The impact of e-mail in acquiring and retaining whole-blood donors: A comparative analysis of the Puget Sound Blood Center donor e-mail communication program. Transfusion 2005;45:1957-64.   Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]    
5.
Ahuja V, Saluja GP. Assessment of blood donors′ perception in a hospital blood bank and their intention for future donation. Health and Popul Perspect Issues 2009;32:78-85.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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