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SHORT COMMUNICATION Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-117
Situation of malaria in Kolkata Municipal Corporation area: A secondary data analysis report 2011


1 Medical Officer, West Bengal Public Health & Administrative Service, Directorate of Health Services, Government of West Bengal, Swasthya Bhavan, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Municipal Surveillance Officer, The Kolkata Municipal Corporation, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shibotosh Sen
Medical Officer, West Bengal Public Health & Administrative Service, Government of West Bengal, 4A, Nasiruddin Road, Flat No. 10, Kolkata - 700 017, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: KMC Malaria Surveillance Database, 2011,, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.132737

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A descriptive study was designed based on secondary data of Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC). Objectives: To estimate present status and trend of Malaria in KMC area; to determine time, place, person distribution of Malaria; to identify high-risk areas to mitigate future outbreak, and to recommend control strategies of Malaria. Materials and Methods: Three different sets of data were analyzed and the final estimate was obtained from the address confirmed database. Discussion: All the wards were high risk in boroughs 4 and 5. The Annual Blood Examination Rate (ABER) of KMC area declined to 5.29%. The falciparum percentage (Pf%) of KMC area was 8.91% in 2011. The ABER of Borough 14 was 1 but the Pf% was 14.6. ''Sen Factor'' may be calculated to plan the activities among the wards when the resources are limited. Conclusion: The ABER of Kolkata needs to be improved and Insecticide Treated Nets/ Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets must be considered to control the situation in addition to other regular vector-control measures and Behavior Change Communication activities. Cumulated ABER can be calculated for urban area to get an estimate of fever cases.


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