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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 52-56
Musculoskeletal disorders: Epidemiology and treatment seeking behavior of secondary school students in a Nigerian community


1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Obafemi Awolowo University, College of Health Sciences, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, College of Health Sciences, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Olayinka O Adegbehingbe
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Obafemi Awolowo University, College of Health Sciences, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ile-Ife - 220005, Osun State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.44520

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Background: Epidemiological information paucity exists on musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among secondary school students in Nigeria. We aimed to determine prevalence, pattern, and treatment seeking behaviors (TSB) of MSD in south-west Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A school-based cross sectional study was conducted in four randomly selected secondary schools in Ile-Ife in 2007. All the students were screened for MSD using interviewer-administered questionnaire and physical examination, which involved use of scoliometer and goniometer. Affected children were recommended for treatment and plain radiography taken. Results: A total of 133 students had 204 MSD representing 3.0% prevalence among the 4,441students screened. Eighty-one (60.9%) students had congenital disorders and 52 (39.1%) were acquired. The lower limbs (93.1%) were most commonly affected and 87 (65.4%) students presented with knee deformity. Other abnormalities were limb length discrepancy 6.8%, scoliosis 4.4%, pes planus 3.9%, and poliomyelitis 2.9%. One hundred students (75.2%) had no form of treatment, 18.8% receive treatment in the hospital, 3.7% in traditional healing home and 2.3% in church. Age, family, and school type were significant factors ( P <0.05) in health seeking behavior. The factors affecting treatment outcome were the place of treatment, hospital specific treatment, and reasons for stopping treatment. Conclusion: Treatable cases constitute a large proportion of MSD among secondary school students, but TSB was generally poor. Parental socio-economic and health services factors were related to the health seeking behavior. Strengthening of school health services and improved linkage with orthopedic services, community education on MSD, and education of all cadres of health professionals are recommended.


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