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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 272-276
Dietary intake in third trimester of pregnancy and prevalence of LBW: A community-based study in a rural area of Haryana


School of Public Health, Department of Community Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh - 160 012, India

Correspondence Address:
Arun Kumar Aggarwal
School of Public Health, Department of Community Medicine, 5th Floor, Research 'B' Block, Post Graduate Institution of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.37693

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Objectives: (1) To assess the magnitude of the problem of low birth weight (LBW) in a rural area of Haryana (2) To study the association of caloric and protein intake in third trimester of pregnancy with birth weight. Study Design: Longitudinal study. Sample Size: One hundred and forty pregnant women. Study Area: Ten purposively selected villages in the rural area of Naraingarh block in Haryana. Study Tool and Data Collection: Pre-tested questionnaire was administered to record information regarding socioeconomic status, antenatal care, nature of physical activity and dietary intake in 24h between September 2001 and August 2002. Data Analysis: For categorical variables, Chi-square test was used, and for numerical variables, t-test was used. Multivariate analysis was done for variables that were significant in bivariate analysis. Results: The prevalence of low birth weight (less than 2500g) was 24.3% (95% CI 17.4-32.2%). The mean caloric intake during three dietary assessments was 1695182.8kcal. The mean protein intake during three dietary assessments was 50.89.27g. The higher prevalence of LBW babies was observed in pregnant women with mean caloric intake of less than 1500kcal and mean protein intake of less than 40g (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, the association of caloric intake (P<0.01) and weight of the mother (P=0.02) was independently associated with LBW. Conclusions: Low caloric intake in the third trimester of pregnancy and maternal weight are significantly associated with the birth weight of babies.


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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007