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LETTER TO EDITOR Table of Contents   
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 231
 

A study on drug use in a rural community of West Bengal


1 Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata, India

Date of Submission29-Jul-2006
Date of Acceptance19-Jun-2007

Correspondence Address:
Aparajita Dasgupta
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.36843

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How to cite this article:
Sarkar AP, Dasgupta A. A study on drug use in a rural community of West Bengal. Indian J Community Med 2007;32:231

How to cite this URL:
Sarkar AP, Dasgupta A. A study on drug use in a rural community of West Bengal. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2019 Oct 20];32:231. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2007/32/3/231/36843


Sir,

According to World Health Organization, rational drug use is when the patients receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements for an adequate period of time and at the lowest cost to them and their community. [1] To ensure rationality of drug use, health policy makers and administrators of health programs need to gain insight into the functioning of drug distribution channels, including the people involved in it. The key to prevent drug misuse is education of the community and development of strategies for rational drug use, for which data on the common forms of drug misuse and the different sources of drugs are essential. [2] Thus a community based study (questioning of 162 heads of households) in a village of West Bengal revealed [Table - 1] that a majority (74.1%) consulted doctors immediately during illness, while 21.6% procured over-the-counter medications compared to 3% in a study by Krishnaswamy et al. in Hyderabad [3] and another by Rajaratnam et al. in Tamil Nadu. [4] Home remedies (4.3%) were used more than in the Tamil Nadu study (2%). [4] Private practitioners were consulted in 56.7% of the cases, which was similar to the study in Hyderabad (55%) and Tamil Nadu (59%). [3],[4] Allopathic treatment was used the most (64.2%), followed by homeopathic (21.6%), which was similar to the corresponding use in the study by Rajaratnam (79 and 33% respectively). [4]

 
   References Top

1.The rational use of drugs, Report of the conference of experts, Nairobi, 25 th -29 th November 1983. WHO: Geneva; 1987.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.How to investigate drug use in community, WHO/DAP/92.3. Geneva; 1992.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Krishnaswamy K, Radhaiah G, Raghuram TC. Drug usage survey in a selected population. Indian J Pharmacol 1983;15:175-83.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Rajaratnam J, Abel R, Duraiswamy S, John KR. Morbidity pattern, health care utilization and per capita health expenditure in a rural population of Tamil Nadu. Nat Med J India 1996;9:259-62.  Back to cited text no. 4    



 
 
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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007