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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-48
A cross-sectional study of the association of postnatal growth and psychosocial development of the infants in an urban slum of Delhi


Deptt. of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Meenakshi
Deptt. of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.53400

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Background: Rapid growth of urban slums due to alarmingly increasing urbanization is adversely affecting the growth and development of infants residing in such deprived areas. Objectives: To study the association of postnatal growth and psychosocial development of urban slum infants. Methods: 202 infants and their mothers were included in a cross-sectional study conducted in Raja bazaar in 2002. Growth was assessed using anthropometric measurements: weight & length for age and development by psychosocial developmental scale developed by ICMR. Results: Development was delayed in significantly higher percentage of underweight (W/A<-2 S.D) than normal infants (p value<0.05): gross motor (15.3%& 4.5%), Vision &fine motor (21.1%, 4.6%) and social skills (27.6%, 12.1%). Development of gross motor milestones was also delayed in significantly high percentage of stunted infants with L/A<-2S.D (22.2%) compared to normal L/A (5.6%, p value=0.003). Difference in the percentages of infants was significantly very high (p value0.000) for vision & fine motor (27.5% & 6.9 %), hearing, language & concept development (22.5% & 4.2%) and social skills (42.5% & 11.9%). Conclusions: Interventions to improve the postnatal growth will be helpful in facilitating the psychosocial development of infants living in urban slums.


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  2007 - Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
  Online since 15th September, 2007