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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-29
 

Cancer morbidity and mortality profile in Jabalpur - A hospital based study


Department of Community Medicine, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur (MP) 482003, India

Date of Web Publication8-Aug-2009

Correspondence Address:
A Sinha
Department of Community Medicine, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur (MP) 482003
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.54929

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How to cite this article:
Sinha A, Kasar P K, Tiwari R, Sharma A, Jadhav T R, Kalikoty H B, Kori B K, Pal D K. Cancer morbidity and mortality profile in Jabalpur - A hospital based study. Indian J Community Med 2006;31:28-9

How to cite this URL:
Sinha A, Kasar P K, Tiwari R, Sharma A, Jadhav T R, Kalikoty H B, Kori B K, Pal D K. Cancer morbidity and mortality profile in Jabalpur - A hospital based study. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2006 [cited 2014 Sep 1];31:28-9. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2006/31/1/28/54929



   Introduction Top


There are over 20 million people living with cancer in the world today. The estimated number of new cases each year is expected to increase from 10 million in 2000 to 15 million in 2020. Some 60% of all these new cases will occur in the less developed world. Cancer is currently the cause of 12% of all deaths worldwide. In approximately 20 years time, the number of cancer deaths annually will increase from about 6 million to about 10 million [1] . Cancer has now become the third leading cause of death in South East Asia Region Countries [2] . Cancer becomes a major cause of death once the individual survives the first 5 years of life. Age is the single most risk factor for cancers [3] . There is an urgent need to generate authentic site­specific date from various parts of the country.

The objective of the present study was to study the distribution pattern of different types of cancers in and related mortality in different age groups of the patients attending the OPD.


   Material and Methods Top


The study was conducted at the SJB Cancer Hospital attached to the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur (MP), India. The study is an observational (cross-sectional) study of the patients who were registered in the SJB Cancer Hospital from January 01 to December 31, 2001. The available data of all the patients attending the Cancer Hospital during the study period of 1 year was entered into a pre-designed and pre-tested proforma. The patients who attended the OPD or admitted more than once during the study period were counted only once, that is, multiple OPD/admissions were excluded from the study. The data so collected was fed into a computer, analyzed and presented in the form of suitable figures, rates and percentages. The different sites of cancers were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) given by the WHO.


   Results and Discussion Top


A total of 1509 patients were registered in the OPD registers out of which 873 patients were admitted and 33 died.

Mean age for cancers was 48.69 years. For males it is 50.75 years and for females it is 47.3 years. The male to female ratio comes out to be 0.66 which is nearly same as that reported from other parts of India [4] . Top 5 cancers in males in our study were : Oral cavity - 19.56%, Reticulo-endothelial system (RES) - 12.21%, Secondaries - 9.61%, Esophagus - 7.79% and Larynx - 6.30%. Whereas it is lungs followed by stomach for developing countries [5] . Similarly, top 5 cancers in females in our study were : Cervix - 54.70%, Breast - 15.23%, Oral cavity - 5.62%, Ovary - 3.20% and Retiulo-endothelial System - 2.98%. Whereas it is Ca-Breast followed by Ca-Cervix for developing countries [5] .

Top 3 cancers requiring admissions in males (n = 382) were:Oral Cavity - 16.23%, RES - 14.92% and Esophagus - 9.94% and in females (n = 491) were :Cervix - 51.93%, Breast - 16.49%, Ovary - 5.70%. Of the total cancer patients admitted, 43.7% were males and 56.3% were females, giving the male to female ratio of 0.77. About 2% of all OPD and 4% of admitted cancer patients during the study period died. [Table 1]

Among the total deaths, 51.5% were male and 48.4% were females giving a male-female ratio of 1.06. Mean age for death was 50.6 years (males = 56.5 and females = 44.5 years) Top 5 cancers leading to death in males (n = 17) were : Oral Cavity, RES, Larynx, Secondaries and Esophagus. Top 5 cancers leading to death in females (n = 16) were :Cervix, Breast, RES, Secondaries, and Lung. Case fatality rates for different cancers ranged between 1.4% - 7.5%. Proportional case rate and admission rate for cancers were 1.17%, 3.73% and death rate 2.10% respectively.


   Conclusion Top


In India, a large (55%) of cancers occur in easily accessible parts of the body, This highlights the possibility of easy & early detection of a large percentage of cancers in the population thus decreasing the cancer burden in the community.

Acknowledgements

  1. Dr. A S Rathore, MD (Radiotherapy), Professor and Head, Department of Radiotherapy, Smt. Jadao Ba Cancer Hospital attached to NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur (MP) INDIA.
  2. Dr. Sanjay Jain, MD (Radiotherapy), Department of Radiotherapy, Smt. Jadao Ba Cancer Hospital attached to NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur (MP) INDIA.
  3. Dr. Mathew, MD (Radiotherapy), Department of Radiotherapy, Smt. Jadao Ba Cancer Hospital attached to NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur (MP) INDIA.


 
   References Top

1.WHO National Cancer Control Programs. Policies and Managerial Guidelines. Second edition. WHO Geneva 2002.   Back to cited text no. 1    
2.WHO World Health Report - 2001, Geneva, WHO, 2002.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.WHO World Health Report - 1999, Geneva, WHO, 2000.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.ICMR Cancer prevalence from urban areas of India. National Cancer Registry Program (NCRP). Indian Council of Medical Research Report 2002.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Ferlay J. et. al. GLOBOCAN 2000: Cancer incidence, Mortality and Prevalence worldwide. IARC.  Back to cited text no. 5    



 
 
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    Introduction
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    Results and Disc...
    Conclusion
    References
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